Although the Dutch health care system has a complex structure with many drawbacks, many countries are interested in its features. This is not suprising. The medical care market has a novel semi-free market system, and the medical care system is one of the most qualitative and efficient systems in the world. The Dutch long-term care system is the most expensive in the world, reason why the Dutch government is drastically changing long-term care legislation and pioneering with a ‘social support system’. In 2013, health care is arranged through three major laws: the Health Insurance Act (ZVW); the Exceptional Medical Expenses Act (AWBZ); and the Social Support Act (WMO). In this report, we provide an overview of the workings and finances of the Dutch health care system by giving structured information on these three laws. Future plans are presented in the last part.
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This report was written on the request of the Institute of Future Welfare Japan and presented at Waseda University in Tokyo.