Leyden Academy RSS Feed http://www.leydenacademy.nl/event=getRSS&lang=en RSS Feed Leyden Academy from http://www.leydenacademy.nl/ based on news articles as of 31-Jul-16 Sat, 30 Jul 2016 22:35:47 GMT US students visit Leyden Academy http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=0DEEF101-07B1-A54F-2D98D6E0613C025E <![CDATA[ <p>This morning, we welcomed a delegation of twenty pre-medical students from Union College in New York. The group is currently touring the Netherlands to get a thorough impression of the Dutch healthcare system. This was the third consecutive year that students from Union College visited Leyden Academy in the summer.<br /> <br /> Communications manager Niels Bartels provided the students with an introduction of Leyden Academy and some background on the demographic revolution in The Netherlands, with life expectancy rising and the baby boom generation reaching retirement ages. These developments raise interesting challenges that require innovative solutions. Scientific staff member Lex van Delden explained how our modern environment is making it difficult for us to maintain a healthy lifestyle, and argued we can make healthier and more social choices by making subtle changes in our daily work and home environments. Finally, the students experienced some of the impairments of old age by trying on the 'ageing suit'. Seeing your classmates age radically before your eyes and being unable to perform simple daily tasks, turned out to be a hilarious end to an informative morning.</p> ]] Wed, 20 Jul 2016 22:00:00 GMT MSc Vitality &amp; Ageing graduates new class http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=7D5F33ED-DE32-A540-7DAB3360AE351051 <![CDATA[ <p>On Wednesday 22 June, we celebrated the graduation ceremony of the master's programme Vitality and Ageing. In the past academic year, eleven ambitious students attended this one-year English-taught MSc programme, which is characterized by a holistic approach to human ageing and care for older people.<br /> <br /> <b>Shared passion for the elderly</b><br /> The master's titles were awarded in the historical Academiegebouw in Leiden by professor Joris Slaets, director of Leyden Academy, to students with diverse educational backgrounds, ages and countries of origin: ranging from the Netherlands and Mexico to India and Nigeria. United by a shared passion for the elderly, the students have advanced in the areas of vitality and ageing. We are convinced that they will apply their acquired knowledge and experience to making a valuable contribution to the quality of life of older people, in their home countries or elsewhere in the world.<br /> <br /> <b>Master adopted by the LUMC as of 1 September</b><br /> As of the academic year 2016-2017, the MSc Vitality and Ageing will be adopted by the Leiden University Medical Centre (LUMC) as a <a href="http://www.universiteitleiden.nl/en/news/2016/06/lumc-master%E2%80%99s-programme-in-vitality-and-ageing-updated-and-fully-funded-from-1-september">fully funded regular master's programme</a>. We are proud and delighted that after six successful editions at Leyden Academy, this unique programme will become an integral part of the LUMC curriculum. This will allow more medical students, students in biomedical sciences and health sciences to enrol in the programme and become pioneers in future care for the elderly.<br /> <br /> <i>For more information on the master's programme Vitality and Ageing, please visit the website </i><i><a href="http://www.mastersinleiden.nl/programmes/vitality-and-ageing/en/introduction">Masters in Leiden.</a></i></p> ]] Wed, 22 Jun 2016 22:00:00 GMT Leyden Academy joins EIT Health as an associate partner http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=2F989B1F-D32B-B24B-1ABAF17DAE00DA99 <![CDATA[ <p><i>Leiden &amp; Munich, 8 June 2016</i> - Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing in Leiden, the Netherlands, has joined EIT Health, one of five large EIT Knowledge and Innovation Communicates (KICs), as associate partner. More than 130 European organizations, i.e. academia, industries and municipalities, are committed to explore the opportunities and face the challenges of the demographic changes in the field of healthy living and active ageing. With a budget of EUR 2 billion over the next decade, EIT Health is one of the largest healthcare initiatives worldwide.<br /> <b><br /> Focus on Professional &amp; Executive Education</b><br /> EIT Health is a consortium of leading businesses, knowledge institutes and municipalities from across fourteen EU countries. Other partners from Belgium and the Netherlands include Philips, Achmea, the Universities of Leuven, Maastricht and Gent, Delft Technical university, UMCG, LUMC and Erasmus MC. The partnership will promote entrepreneurship and develop innovations in healthy living and active ageing, providing Europe with new opportunities and resources.<br /> <br /> Leyden Academy's contribution lies primarily in the area of Professional &amp; Executive Education, developing educational programmes that will nurture talents and train tomorrow's workforce, with activities such as:</p> <ul> <li>Better understanding the needs, habits and values of 55+ citizens in the EU, including methods to measure their well-being.</li> <li>Supporting older workers by adjustments in the workplace and in rules and regulations.</li> <li>Creating a mindset with health professionals towards person-centred care and well-being.</li> <li>Promoting innovative leadership for large organizations.</li> <li>Positively influencing the image of European seniors as well as engaging older people towards active and healthy ageing.</li> </ul> <p><b><br /> Making a positive difference for older people</b><br /> Professor Joris Slaets, executive director of Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing, welcomes the associate partnership as a unique strategic opportunity: &quot;Our mission is to improve the quality of life of older people, in a rapidly ageing society. As most EU countries face similar demographic and societal challenges, it makes sense to join forces across borders to share and develop knowledge and insights and to deliver new products, concepts and services. Together, we can make a positive difference to the lives of older people throughout the European Union.&quot;<br /> <br /> <em>For more information, please visit </em><a href="https://eithealth.eu/" target="_blank"><em>https://eithealth.eu</em></a><em>.</em></p> ]] Tue, 07 Jun 2016 22:00:00 GMT Blog of a master student part II http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=D9000279-E244-9D82-379A985E4FAFD2FD <![CDATA[ <p><br /> <b>February&hellip; Days are getting longer and a little bit less cold. Snow days are scarcer every week that passes by. Winter is almost over. I was afraid I might have found it a tough experience, but the truth is I loved every day of it, every day of snow, every bit of hail and every freezing evening with temperatures under zero. The best of the winter, however, were the Christmas holidays.</b><br /> <br /> For as long as I can remember, Christmas has been my favorite time of the year. These last holidays were particularly special because I got to experience them from a completely different cultural context. I learned about Sinterklaas and I actually had him visit me and my fellow students at the Leyden Academy - it was a great surprise and we had quite a merry time while one of my classmates sat on his lap and sang a <i>sinterklaasliedje</i>. I got to experience first-hand the Christmas markets, and drank my share of hot wine, hot chocolate and all sorts of delicious seasonal treats. No wonder I put on a couple of kilo's which I am now struggling to get rid of!<br /> <br /> <b>Special Christmas</b><br /> One thing that made this Christmas even more special was having part of my family visiting over the holidays and travelling around with them. We went to Paris, where we spent Christmas, then Luxembourg, Brussels and finally Amsterdam for New Year. In the picture you see my grandfather and me in Versailles, France. Later on in January I received yet another visit - a very special one - and had the loveliest time in the last few months.<br /> <br /> <b>Current practices of geriatric medicine</b><br /> Still, all things come to an end, and now it's back to reality and hard working at the Leyden Academy. Not that I complain, though. I am still enjoying it as much as ever, even when it can be quite challenging. For example in our last course, Multimorbidity and Geriatric Giants, we learned some revolutionary concepts that bring into question some of the current practices of geriatric medicine. For a trained geriatrician like me, this can be shocking to say the least, but I am fully convinced that the only way to make progress and improve our practices is to constantly question and rethink what we hold as true and valid. After all, science is about a continuous and renewed search for answers that allow us to pose new questions. I find this quite stimulating.<br /> <br /> <b>Chinese New Year</b><br /> Getting along with people comes rather easily to me, and this has been a very useful skill. I have made good friends with my classmates from the Master, but also with other international students outside the master. I am not that much of an all-night-party guy anymore, but I always take pleasure in an evening out or a nice dinner and I do enjoy the occasional party. For example, just last weekend a friend from the Master who is from China invited us to celebrate Chinese New Year at her place. We had a great time! In the picture you see fellow student Tianyi Bu leading the celebration of the Year of the Snake.<br /> <br /> <b>Orientation meeting for students</b><br /> I remember that shortly before departing from Mexico I attended an orientation meeting for students who were going to live in The Netherlands. One of the speakers told us about a process of adaptation that most students go through, which consists of three phases: a honeymoon, when everything is new and exciting, followed by a blue phase, where homesickness is the main feature, and finally a phase during which students adjust to their life abroad. At that moment, I thought this was a very useful bit of information, and I was prepared to go through these phases. I don't know what happened, though, because I am now well adjusted but still living my honeymoon with The Netherlands and I don't see the end of it coming at all. I have only half a year left here and I intend to make the most of it. No time for homesickness, no time for longing. Every single day that passes is beautiful, unique and will never come back. This only happens once in a lifetime and I won't miss the chance to live it!<br /> <br /> They say that home is where the heart is. I say that home is where one makes it. And come to that, I am pretty sure I have made myself at home in this wonderful place, the memories of which I shall treasure forever.</p> ]] Wed, 13 Feb 2013 23:00:00 GMT Explosion of non-communicable diseases threatens developing populations http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=3292BB22-BF6E-30E1-7C07F89AE0B7FE6E <![CDATA[ <p><em>Rapid development and&nbsp;urbanisation&nbsp;have led to a complete overturn of mortality in developing countries; people dying from chronic diseases, obesity and smoking&nbsp;now outnumbering those who die from&nbsp;malnutrition and infection. According to an international group of researchers, focus on public health in these developing countries should shift to advocating a healthy lifestyle and fighting chronic diseases in later life, rather than simply addressing communicable diseases that take their toll at younger ages. Lack of time has made citizens of developing countries unable to adapt and they are therefore more susceptible to diseases of affluence. These findings were published on 17 February 2016 in The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.</em><br /> <b><br /> Non-communicable diseases have surpassed traditional diseases</b><br /> With their transition from adverse to affluent environments, developing populations experience a rapid increase in the number of individuals with non-communicable diseases like cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases, and diabetes. In Africa, these diseases already account for more deaths than traditional diseases like malaria and pneumonia. It is expected that the number of deaths due to non-communicable diseases will comprise a staggering 71% of all deaths in developing populations&nbsp;<span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size:11.0pt;line-height: 107%;font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif;mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA">and is more than four times higher as compared with western populations in 2030</span>.<br /> <b><br /> Triple evolutionary mismatch</b><br /> The researchers argue that developing populations are more susceptible than western populations to suffer from these non-communicable diseases, due to a 'triple evolutionary mismatch'. Researcher David van Bodegom of Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing explains: &quot;Developing populations experience a fast transition from adverse to more affluent environments, often within a single generation. Western populations have experienced this transition over multiple generations, giving them more time to adapt culturally and epigenetically. Developing populations remain not only genetically, but also culturally and epigenetically mismatched with their increasingly affluent environments. Culturally, there is often still an ideal of corpulence and physical inactivity, representing status in men and fertility in women. Epigenetically, many Africans living today were born in poverty. Their bodies were programmed during their youth to maximally store calories in fat reserves for adverse times, now giving rise to obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease in rapidly growing urban populations.&quot;<br /> <b><br /> Shift needed in public health</b><br /> As a result of the triple mismatch, the researchers argue that developing countries will be hit much harder by non-communicable diseases than western populations. Public health organizations should therefore prioritize the prevention and treatment of these diseases. Van Bodegom: &quot;Public health organizations, supported by global collaborative efforts like the Millennium Development Goals, have made tremendous progress in restricting poverty, malnutrition, infectious diseases, and disorders related to pregnancy and childbirth. But we now face a different threat. Only through global collaborative efforts can the environments in developing populations be reorganized in order to stall the emerging explosion of diseases of affluence. Now is the time to act! Smoking, sedentary lifestyles, an abundance of fast food&hellip; let's help prevent what we have neglected for too long in western society.&quot;<br /> <br /> Organizations like the NCD Alliance and the Lancet NCD Action Group have already endeavoured after the recognition of non-communicable diseases as an urgent threat to global health and development. The researchers now add evolutionary arguments to their plea.<br /> <i><br /> The article 'An Emerging Epidemic of Noncommunicable Diseases in Developing Populations Due to a Triple Evolutionary Mismatch' by Jacob J.E. Koopman, David van Bodegom, Juventus B. Ziem and Rudi G.J. Westendorp was published by The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene on 17 February 2016. An abstract can be found </i><a href="http://www.ajtmh.org/content/early/2016/02/11/ajtmh.15-0715.abstract?sid=3d829a99-0392-4f66-bfa5-3e7d72459156" target="_blank"><i>here</i></a><i>.</i><br /> <b><br /> About the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene</b><br /> Continuously published since 1921, AJTMH is the peer-reviewed journal of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, and the world's leading voice in the fields of tropical medicine and global health. AJTMH disseminates new knowledge in fundamental, translational, clinical and public health sciences focusing on improving global health.<br /> <br /> <strong>Contact</strong><br /> If you have any questions, please contact Niels Bartels (Communications) via phone +31 (0)71 524 0960 or via&nbsp;<a target="emailtiframe" href="javascript:location.href='mailto:'+String.fromCharCode(98,97,114,116,101,108,115,64,108,101,121,100,101,110,97,99,97,100,101,109,121,46,110,108)+'?'">email</a>.</p> </iframe> ]] Mon, 29 Feb 2016 23:00:00 GMT EIT Health report: Ambitions of 55+ Europeans in selected countries http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=2D4F6591-BBBB-A592-2AEB6BB8FBF891BD <![CDATA[ <p>The driving force of <a href="http://eithealth.eu/" target="_blank">EIT Health</a> is to engender a paradigm shift in healthcare by explicitly aiming for a citizen-centred approach. An essential first step in such a shift is to not just involve the citizen, but actually producing a form of healthcare that is based on the needs and circumstances of the older individual. Exploring current research on older citizens, we soon discovered that very little is known about these older individuals and their needs, attitudes, and wishes.<br /> <br /> For this reason, a study was conducted in four EU-countries - The Netherlands, France, Poland, and Portugal - as a first exploration of the European citizen of 55 years and older. The report summarizing the findings of this study, entitled <a href="/UserFiles/file/EIT_Report_Ambitions_of_55_Europeans_in_selected_countries.pdf" target="_blank">Ambitions of 55+ Europeans in selected countries</a>,<b> </b>sheds light on several topics that align with the core challenges that EIT Health wishes to address: work, finances, living situation, social contacts, and health.<br /> <br /> This study was conducted by Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing, in close collaboration with the Leiden University Medical Center, in the context of the EIT Health Executive &amp; Professional Education Programme (annex 2.2.1: Towards citizen-centred active ageing and well-being). The survey was developed by Leyden Academy, translated together with several partners in the respective countries, and executed by Trendbox and their partners.<br /> <br /> Please view the report <a href="/UserFiles/file/EIT_Report_Ambitions_of_55_Europeans_in_selected_countries.pdf" target="_blank">here</a>.</p> ]] Sun, 28 Feb 2016 23:00:00 GMT A Guide for Growing Older in Hungarian http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=189C2AEC-FF17-AE4B-1F183ECA4F246BF7 <![CDATA[ <p>Z&ouml;lds&eacute;gek szemmagass&aacute;gban! In other words: keep your veggies at eye level in the fridge. The book poster with practical tips for healthy ageing is now available in Hungarian. The poster is included in the bestseller <a href="http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=650A8521-D8CD-8AC9-DC7EA3CD829E7B84&amp;nora=news&amp;showyear=2016" target="_blank">A Guide for Growing Older. Let your environment do the work</a> by professor Rudi Westendorp and David van Bodegom.<br /> <br /> The translation was initiated by the Hungarian subsidiary of Aegon N.V., as part of an internal campaign to encourage a healthy lifestyle in the office environment. In this campaign, Aegon and Leyden Academy have also developed <a href="http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=8D253831-ED73-F37A-A7164DADC6BC07C3&amp;nora=news&amp;showyear=2016" target="_blank">two videos</a> about the effects of diseases of old age and how to make smart, healthier choices at work.<br /> <br /> The Hungarian book poster can be viewed <a href="/UserFiles/file/Poster_Oud_worden_in_de_praktijk_Hongarije.pdf" target="_blank">here</a>.</p> ]] Wed, 24 Feb 2016 23:00:00 GMT Masters of Ageing by Martin van Hees http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=EA805A9B-B05B-1F69-4D08E266FC1DEE04 <![CDATA[ <p><b><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt;">The provision of healthcare: individual responsibility or collective choice?<br /> <br /> </span></b><b><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt;">During his public lecture on the 10<sup>th</sup> of February at Leyden Academy, prof. Martin van Hees delved into thought-provoking questions around healthcare and more specifically, who is responsible for health? </span></b><br /> <span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt;"><br /> The first question to answer in this debate that he raised during this lecture was: what is healthcare for? And following, what is justice in the allocation of healthcare? Relying on his extensive background in social justice, he proposed that four perspectives are usually referred to - although at times unconsciously - utilitarian, egalitarian, libertarian and capabilities. For instance, for utilitarians justice in healthcare allocation would be an allocation that maximizes utility, and utility may then be differently operationalized (such as maximum number of healthy life years, maximum number of individuals healthy and so on). For egalitarians, on the other hand, equality is the guiding principle and for instance an equal distribution of health, or equal healthcare access would be considered more important. </span><br /> <span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt;"><br /> During this lecture, he discussed that in the case of healthcare one cannot speak about responsibility in a straightforward way. Responsibility consists of prospective and retrospective assessment of responsibility. In the assessment of responsibility of healthcare these two are often mingled. By way of example he posed the audience with a risk scenario in which a motorcyclist - being fully aware and knowing the higher risk for such an accident - got into an accident. Who is now responsible for the costs of care? The opinions in the audience were mixed. Knowing the risk, some contended that he should pay himself, whereas others contended that a risk is never ultimately the responsibility of the individual. Here on the one hand prospective responsibility comes in by way of things that one should be doing, or should not be doing in case it may happen. Following prospective responsibility, there is a moral duty to take care of your health. At the same time, arguments from a retrospective risk assessment are alluded to, because in how far can we hold individuals responsible for the bad things that happen to them? </span><br /> <span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt;"><br /> Nevertheless, this is complicated since, as prof. Van Hees identified, there are certain issues that obscures this line of reasoning. More particularly, these kinds of responsibility assignments are set in an interactive environment and have an interactive nature. This is particularly important in the context of healthcare. Rather than accountability he proposed that a shift towards retrospective responsibility e.g. through insurance premiums may be an alternative solution. Although here again complications may arise as it may not only be about how you behave, but also how you behave towards others and vice versa.</span><br /> <span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt;"><br /> Particularly interesting in this debate around accountability and responsibility, and perhaps even a way out, is according to prof. Van Hees the concept of quality of life. This may reshape the debate on distribution and social justice. He considers it an interesting starting principle because, accordingly, quality of life is politically neutral and it can draw attention to the budget without running the risk of becoming a polemic debate on justified allocation and individual responsibility. </span><br /> <span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt;"><br /> All in all, the lecture gave a lot of food for thought about one's own implicit assumptions in how healthcare should be divided. It also made the audience think about taking risks, responsibility and accountability in the context of care. As usual, in these kinds of challenging thought experiments one was left with even more questions. No wonder that the debate during the drinks afterwards was therefore lively and highly animated.</span></p> <p><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><i><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt;">Prof. Martin van Hees is professor of ethics and head of the department of philosophy at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.</span></i></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> ]] Mon, 15 Feb 2016 23:00:00 GMT TED-talk David van Bodegom: Nudging healthy ageing http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=CFAAF700-B2F4-6A74-3C2E61D9FE21A4C3 <![CDATA[ <p>On 27 January 2016, David van Bodegom was one of the speakers at TEDxUtrecht, a spectacular event featuring groundbreaking 'ideas worth sharing'. David presented a unique approach to healthy ageing: make smart adjustments to your environment to unconsciously make healthier and more active choices. The TED-talk, partly based on the bestseller <a href="http://www.leydenacademy.nl/A_Guide_for_Growing_Older_-_Let_your_environment_do_the_work" target="_blank">A Guide for Growing Older</a> that David wrote together with professor Rudi Westendorp, can be viewed here: <a href="https://youtu.be/0qKW8bFBLzg" target="_blank" title="Link delen">https://youtu.be/0qKW8bFBLzg</a>.<br /> <br /> For more information on the event and the other TED-talks, please visit the <a href="http://tedxutrecht.com/" target="_blank">TEDxUtrecht</a> website.</p> ]] Wed, 10 Feb 2016 23:00:00 GMT How does it feel to be old? http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=8D253831-ED73-F37A-A7164DADC6BC07C3 <![CDATA[ <p>How does it feel, when can't move your body as fast and flexible as you would want it to? When your vision is blurred, your hands slightly shaking, and you can't hear so well? For most young people, this is hard to imagine. Ishani Mukerji, a 24-year old creative assistant at Aegon, decided to accept the challenge and try on Leyden Academy's old age suit. It turned out to be quite an experience for Ishani: &quot;The suit is putting my life into perspective.&quot; Watch the video <a href="https://youtu.be/07QTxcIOs08" target="_blank">here</a>.<br /> <b><br /> Making smart, healthier choices at work</b><br /> There is good news: many of the 'diseases of old age' that the suit simulates, can be postponed or even prevented by a healthier life style. As explained by David van Bodegom and professor Rudi Westendorp in their recent book <a href="http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=650A8521-D8CD-8AC9-DC7EA3CD829E7B84&amp;nora=news&amp;showyear=2016" target="_blank">A Guide for Growing Older</a>, your environment plays a key role in unconsciously making healthier choices. At home, in the neighborhood, and also at work where we spend many hours every week. In a second video, Ishani showed David around the Aegon head office in The Hague, to see what practical steps she can take in her workplace to make the easy choice the healthier choice. Watch the video <a href="https://youtu.be/Qcudw7lDMqc" target="_blank">here</a>.<br /> <b><br /> New report: The New Flexible Retirement<br /> </b>The videos are a combined initiative of Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing and the <a href="http://www.aegon.com/en/Home/Research/TheCenter/" title="Aegon Center for Longevity and Retirement" target="_blank">Aegon Center for Longevity and Retirement</a>, and were launched together with the new report <a href="http://www.aegon.com/en/Home/Research/Flexible-Retirement-Report/" target="_blank">The New Flexible Retirement</a>. The report shows that the concept of retirement is changing rapidly. As people live longer, retirement will become a more active life stage, with more people looking to blend work and leisure.&nbsp;Today's workers are expecting to gradually transition into retirement, but a significant obstacle is that only few employers offer employment practices to support this. But maintaining a healthy body and mind are also key, which Ishani demonstrated vividly in the videos.</p> ]] Thu, 28 Jan 2016 23:00:00 GMT A Guide for Growing Older - Let your environment do the work http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=650A8521-D8CD-8AC9-DC7EA3CD829E7B84 <![CDATA[ <p>How can we ensure that we stay healthy, even as we age? In their new book 'A Guide for Growing Older', professor Rudi Westendorp and David van Bodegom MD PhD present a practical recipe: small changes in your daily environment can make you live longer and healthier.<br /> <br /> Many health problems such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and osteoporosis seem inevitable, but they result mainly from our lifestyle. And the environment dictates that lifestyle. Due to the mismatch between our 'old' genes - our evolutionary legacy - and the modern environment, we are unable to resist the constant temptations around us. That is why blaming and shaming does not work.<br /> <br /> We have to let the environment do the work. By making smart changes at home, on the road, at work, at school, and in the neighbourhood, we can - unconsciously - make the easy choice the healthier choice. In A Guide for Growing Older - Let Your Environment do the Work, the practical sequel to the bestseller Growing Older Without Feeling Old, Westendorp and Van Bodegom provide a series of tips for a longer healthy life. Each chapter features a full-colour illustration and the Dutch edition also includes a handy pull-out A3-sized poster, summarizing all the best tips.<br /> <br /> A Guide for Growing Older ('Oud worden in de praktijk') was published in the Netherlands in September 2015 by <a href="http://www.atlascontact.nl/boek/oud-worden-in-de-praktijk/">Atlas Contact</a>. An English edition is expected later in 2016.<br /> <b><br /> About the authors</b><br /> <i>David van Bodegom</i> (1978) is an ageing researcher at Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing. Van Bodegom a medical doctor and historian. He and is convinced that the public environment rather than the consultation room holds the key to healthy ageing.<br /> <br /> <i>Rudi Westendorp</i> (1959) is an internationally respected doctor and researcher and former director of Leyden Academy. In the bestseller Growing Older Without Feeling Old (2014, over 50,000 copies sold) he described how the ageing process works, that we will enjoy longer, healthier, and more productive lives, and how we can greet it with confidence. Westendorp now lives in Copenhagen, where he is affiliated with the university as Professor of Medicine at Old Age.&nbsp;</p> ]] Wed, 20 Jan 2016 23:00:00 GMT TEDxUtrecht: nudging healthy ageing http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=59FE1C93-F908-E575-F14AF6E41192A1AD <![CDATA[ David van Bodegom is invited to speak at TEDxUtrecht, on Wednesday 27th of January.<br /> Van Bodegom is a medical doctor and historian, now working as an ageing researcher at Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing. David left a career in medical practice behind, because he believes he can best serve people's health in the public space. Together with professor Rudi Westendorp he wrote the bestseller 'A Guide for Growing Older' (2015), presenting a unique approach to living longer and staying healthy.<br /> <br /> Many diseases of old age, such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes, seem inevitable but originate mostly from our lifestyles.<br /> For many years, we have been blaming individuals for these lifestyles, telling them it is their own fault.&nbsp;Well, it is not says David van Bodegom. The constant temptations in our environment seduce our ancient genes to make unhealthy choices. A radically different approach is needed: re-shaping environments where all people are nudged to automatically make healthier choices.<br /> <br /> Click <a href="http://tedxutrecht.com/tickets/" target="_blank">here</a> to register for this TEDx event in Utrecht. <p>&nbsp;</p> ]] Tue, 26 Jan 2016 23:00:00 GMT Prosperity and welfare of the elderly http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=164C9362-DD11-C3A6-5A61DDA920E6EB96 <![CDATA[ <p><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt;">Many countries are on the threshold of a major demographic shift: an aging population. This is often associated with a higher pressure on the collective budget, mainly due to a higher demand for medical and long-term care. However, economic studies show that the ageing population probably will have a marginal impact on rising health care expenditures, when compared to medical innovations, increasing inefficiency of labour in the health care sector, and restructuring of the health care market. In addition, the rise in health care expenditures due to aging will possibly be moderated by other developments. This is the subject of the PhD thesis <i>Population ageing and health care expenditure</i> by Herbert Rolden, which he will publicly defend on Tuesday February 2<sup>nd</sup> in Leiden.</span><br /> <span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt;"><br /> Rolden describes that population aging can roughly be divided into three dynamics: a higher life expectancy, a growing proportion of older persons and a higher average mortality risk in the overall population.<br /> <br /> </span><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt;">Life expectancy</span></b><br /> <span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt;">Life expectancy has risen consistently in many countries throughout the last centuries, mainly due to rising prosperity and better care, nutrition and hygiene. Whether this rise in life expectancy will cause an increase in health care expenditure depends on the development of 'healthy life expectancy'. If healthy life expectancy rises in a parallel fashion to life expectancy, then the 'expensive years' of old age will be postponed rather than expanded.</span><br /> <b><br /> <span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt;">Number of older persons</span></b><br /> <span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt;">As health care expenditure rises with age in each individual, a larger share of older people will increase the total level of health care expenditure. However, there are several developments that can moderate the impact of a larger share of older persons on health care expenditures. An example: As women live longer than men, there are more widows than widowers. However, the number of widows in the future will likely decrease because the life expectancy of men is rising faster than that of women, in turn reducing the pressure on long-term care.</span><br /> <b><br /> <span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt;">Mortality risk</span></b><br /> <span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt;">The individual level of health care expenditure peaks in the months before death. These </span><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt;">'cost of dying' make up a large share in the total level of health care expenditure. Since the cost of dying decreases with age, an increasing overall mortality risk in the population can partly be offset by another component of population ageing: increasing life expectancy.</span><br /> <i><br /> <span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt;">The promotion of Herbert Rolden takes place on Tuesday, 2 February 2016 at 4.15 p.m. in Leiden. Supervisors are Prof. Dr. Rudi Westendorp (Copenhagen University) and Dr. David van Bodegom (Leyden Academy).</span></i></p> ]] Mon, 01 Feb 2016 23:00:00 GMT MSc Vitality and Ageing: changes in funding as of September 2016 http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=2B55A052-9C38-2529-AC43CE52D4D37929 <![CDATA[ <p>The Dutch ministry of Education, Culture and Science has decided to fund the MSc programme Vitality and Ageing as of academic year 2016-2017. This is a wonderful recognition of this unique education programme, which provides pioneers with a holistic view of ageing and care for the elderly. The knowledge gained will prove invaluable in a domain with great importance in the decades to come.<br /> <br /> Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing developed the MSc programme in 2009 with the aim of providing an annual class of talented young doctors and scientists with the latest insights in the field of vitality and ageing. Leyden Academy works together closely with Leiden University Medical Centre (LUMC) and Leiden University. Over the past six years, many dozens of students have completed the one-year master. They now apply their acquired knowledge and skills in (inter)national health care, scientific research and knowledge centres in the field of aging and elder care. The master's programme has alumni from all over the world: from Mexico to Tanzania, from China to the UK.<br /> <br /> The new funding rules of the MSc programme Vitality and Ageing will take effect as of 1 September 2016, with the start of academic year 2016-2017. From this date on, the tuition fees for the programme may vary depending on the student's country of origin and personal circumstances (e.g. a first or second master). For more details, please visit the <a href="http://en.mastersinleiden.nl/programmes/vitality-and-ageing/en/introduction" target="_blank">website Masters in Leiden</a>.</p> ]] Thu, 13 Aug 2015 22:00:00 GMT Leyden Academy celebrates seven-year existence with dance performance http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=15CC9709-B235-10D0-D0FE9F9F76A1254E <![CDATA[ <p>Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing is established in November 2008 on the initiative of <i>Vereniging Aegon</i>, with the mission to improve the quality of life of older people. To achieve this, Leyden Academy offers trainings, conducts research and initiates developments in the field of vitality and ageing. <br /> <br /> On Wednesday 11 November Leyden Academy invited its employees, supervisory board, partners, followers and inhabitants of Leiden for a special dance performance, <i>HARY+++++</i>.<br /> <br /> Prior to the performance Peggy Olislaegers, director of the Dutch Dance Days, talked about the meaning of ageing in professional dance and her wish to bring alternative images in this utopia of a perfect society.<br /> <br /> In <i>HARY+++++,</i> choreographer Dario Tortorelli lets the performers move as if in a hypnotic dream. Older dancers move around their own axis in slow motion, wearing sculptures. The torsos break open like egg shells and fall from their skin.<br /> <br /> After the performance the audience had the oppertunity to express their opinion and ask questions to Olislaegers, the choreographer and the dancers. It was clear that the attendees were impressed by the performance, each having his or her own interpretation. Most saw a signal of breaking free from society's expectations, and that we should be happy with who we are: as an individual, connected to others. Some wished the performance was faster and more active, others saw true beauty and vitality in the slow and controlled movements. Yet, everyone was unanimous about the power of the performance.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> ]] Mon, 16 Nov 2015 23:00:00 GMT Mortality rates and medical care expenditure Dutch seniors significantly higher in winter http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=149FF3CD-D77D-B5B2-545BB4F888C9184D <![CDATA[ <p><b>The mortality rates of Dutch seniors differ significantly between the seasons, and are 21% higher in the winter compared to the summer. Medical care expenditure (MCE) rises with 13% from the summer to the winter. </b><b>Herbert Rolden, researcher at Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing, concludes this based on research into s</b><b>easonal variation in mortality, MCE and institutionalization in over 60,000 senior citizens in The Netherlands</b><b>. The research was <a href="http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0143154" target="_blank">published</a> in </b><b>international peer-reviewed publication</b><b> PLOS ONE</b><b>.</b><br /> <br /> The mortality rates of older people change with the seasons. However, it has not been properly investigated whether the seasons affect MCE and institutionalization. Seasonal variation in MCE is plausible, as health care costs rise exponentially before death. On the other hand, not all diseases are fatal. For instance, in cold months there are relatively more heart attacks and hip fractures, resulting in an increase in MCE and nursing home admissions.<br /> <br /> In the study, Rolden and his fellow researchers found that the mortality risk and MCE of people over 65 years old in the working area of a regional Dutch health insurer are highest in the autumn and winter. If the search results are extrapolated to the entire population of senior citizens in Netherlands, this implies that there are annually about 7,000 more elderly deaths in autumn and winter, and that MCE in these seasons is more than 600 million euros higher than in spring and summer.<br /> <b><br /> Possible causes</b><br /> The seasonal variation in mortality, MCE and institutionalization in older people can have multiple causes. Most obvious are climate conditions such as temperature, humidity, air pressure and the presence or absence of sunlight. Rolden: &quot;During extremely hot summer days, there is often a lot of media attention for the risks to elderly people. Our research suggests that the cold months are more dangerous. However, temperature cannot be the only reason for the discovered association. For instance, we see that the seasonal variation among residents of nursing homes, who stay inside most of the time, is similar to the elderly who live at home. &quot; External factors can also play a role in the seasonal variation, such as air pollution or the flu virus, which is more common in winter: &quot;Further research is needed on the precise impact that these factors have on mortality and disease among Dutch elderly.&quot;<br /> <i><br /> The research '</i><i>Seasonal variation in mortality, medical care expenditure and institutionalization in older people: Evidence from a Dutch cohort of older health insurance clients</i><i>' by </i><i>Herbert J.A. Rolden, Jos H.T. Rohling, David van Bodegom and Rudi G.J. Westendorp </i><i>has been published in </i><i>international, peer-reviewed, open-access, online publication</i><i> PLOS ONE on Monday 16 November 2015: </i><i><a href="http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0143154" target="_blank">http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0143154</a></i><i>.</i></p> ]] Mon, 16 Nov 2015 23:00:00 GMT An ageing society calls for intergenerational solidarity http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=8B01619A-B96D-8DD0-82A23E5CF2DE3A94 <![CDATA[ <p>&quot;The notion that work makes you healthy is wishful thinking.&quot; In his Masters of Ageing-lecture at Leyden Academy on 13 October 2015, professor Simon Biggs challenged the international consensus on how society should respond to an ageing population. According to Biggs, it's not just about keeping people employed and productive for longer.<br /> <b><br /> Economical approach ignores different priorities</b><br /> Biggs, Professor of Gerontology and Social Policy at the University of Melbourne, started his lecture explaining that our demography is shifting from the traditional triangle to a column structure (&quot;or a cocktail shaker, if you will&quot;). Not just in the West, but even more rapidly in many developing countries. The dominant view on how to cope with this demographic shift is, as the OECD puts it, to 'live longer, work longer'. This sounds self-evident: the state pays fewer pensions, welcomes more workers, and earns more income taxes. Whether jobs are available and ageism can be reduced in the workplace, is one thing. But Biggs offers an alternative discourse. He argues that this economic approach ignores changes in the life course: young and older adults have different priorities as they move through life. The main question should be how we can recognize these positive differences and generate empathy and intergenerational complementarity.<br /> <b><br /> A call for 'precarious solidarity'</b><br /> Biggs pointed out that young and older generations both face many uncertainties: young people have trouble finding a decent paying job, buying a house, starting a family. Older adults face shifting pension ages, high 55+ unemployment rates, pressure on the healthcare system. Biggs sees this shared insecurity as a potential source of solidarity. He calls for &quot;precarious solidarity&quot;: stop seeing the old and young as equals competing on the labour market, start recognizing and embracing their differences. To release the generational potential, Biggs calls for durable solutions that help all generations, utilizing the complementary skills that different age groups bring to a diverse number of settings. This will enable us to move &quot;from a precarious to a new virtuous circle.&quot;<br /> <br /> <i>For more information, please read Simon Biggs' article <a href="/UserFiles/file/Simon_Biggs___Adapting_to_an_Ageing_Society.pdf" target="_blank">'Adapting to an Ageing Society - the need for cultural change'</a> (from: Policy Quarterly, Vol.10 Issue 3, August 2014).</i></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> ]] Tue, 20 Oct 2015 22:00:00 GMT Masters of Ageing: Visions of ageing in an uncertain world http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=ABEA4816-A784-6A55-194AB8147A64E629 <![CDATA[ <p><strong>Contents</strong><br /> Adult ageing is at a crossroads. We are living through a period in which the options for how to live a long life have rarely been more open, yet at the same time are increasingly being shaped by forces not of our own choosing. How do we adapt to a society when generations are becoming approximately the same size? And, what is the purpose of a long life?<br /> Lifecourse change requires that we take discontinuities that include new challenges and directions into account as well as continuity.&nbsp; Changes in social policy also suggest a future that is more precarious and more vulnerable than it has been for immediately preceding generations. So how do we manage our ageing identities in this context, and what might be the implications for intergenerational relationships? This talk will explore some of the challenges and alternatives as we respond to societal and personal ageing.&nbsp;<br /> <!--[if gte vml 1]> <![if pub]><b:otyEscherText type="OplPo" oty="1" oh="286"> <b:FUserChangedFmt priv="200">True</b:FUserChangedFmt> <b:FMoved priv="300">True</b:FMoved> <b:Oid priv="C05">(```````````</b:Oid> <b:OidAssociated priv="D05">(```````````</b:OidAssociated> <b:Qtf priv="3404">0</b:Qtf> <b:DxlMax priv="AA04">1265722</b:DxlMax> <b:DylMax priv="AB04">1582153</b:DylMax> <b:ISptPictureShape priv="B704">0</b:ISptPictureShape> </b:otyEscherText> <![endif]> <![endif]--><!--[if !vml]--><!--[endif]--><strong><br /> Background</strong><br /> Simon Biggs is Professor of Gerontology &amp; Social Policy at Melbourne University, Australia. He has participated in several government briefings on dignity in later life and population ageing. Recent research has included age-friendly environments, midlife issues, mature age workers, dementia care, and intergenerational relations.<br /> <br /> <strong>Programme</strong><br /> <em>Tuesday 13 October 2015, 16.00-18.00 hrs.</em><br /> 16.00 - Introduction by&nbsp;Dr. Jolanda Lindenberg Leyden Academy<br /> 16.10 - Lecture by&nbsp;Prof. Simon Biggs<br /> 17.00 - Discussion<br /> 17.15 - Drinks<br /> <br /> <strong>Location</strong><br /> Leyden Academy on&nbsp;Vitality and Ageing<br /> Poortgebouw 'Zuid', room 0.15<br /> Rijnsburgerweg 10<br /> 2333 AA Leiden<br /> The Netherlands<br /> <em>Please click </em><a href="http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=A52DE559-F613-95A0-9C73B5506DA1AC3D"><em>here</em></a><em> for directions.</em><br /> <br /> <strong>Registration</strong><br /> Send an e-mail by 5 October to register for this free academic&nbsp;lecture: <a target="emailtiframe" href="mailto:ageing@leydenacademy.nl?subject=Masters%20of%20Ageing,%2019%20May%202015">ageing@</a><a target="emailtiframe" href="mailto:ageing@leydenacademy.nl?subject=Masters%20of%20Ageing,%2019%20May%202015">leydenacademy.nl</a>.</p> </iframe> ]] Mon, 12 Oct 2015 22:00:00 GMT Looking for the new Leyden Academy &apos;face&apos; http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=87EE4774-0402-99CE-28764B6D25B86A67 <![CDATA[ <p><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:Arial;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB">Each year alternatingly a vital older man or woman is chosen as the 'face' of Leyden Academy. For this year (from 11-11-2015 through 11-11-2016) we are looking for:</span></p> <ul> <li><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:Arial;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB">An older gentleman of about 70-80 years, preferably with an ethnic background.</span></li> <li><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:Arial;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB">Important above all is that the person is vital and has a lust for life.</span></li> <li><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:Arial;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB">Several photos of multiple subjects may be submitted.</span></li> <li><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:Arial;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB">The management and communication department at Leyden Academy will choose the 'winning' portrait.</span></li> <li><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:Arial;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB">The portrait will be revealed during the birthday celebration of Leyden Academy on 11 November 2015 and will be used for communication purposes from that moment on (e.g. for website, brochures, banners etc.).&nbsp;<br /> </span><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:Arial;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB"></span></li> <li><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:Arial;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB"></span><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:Arial;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB">The picture is royalty-free and will be used exclusively by Leyden Academy.</span></li> </ul> <p><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:Arial;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB"><br /> Photos can be emailed no later than Monday 28 September 2015 to Yvonne Schinkel-Koemans at koemans@leydenacademy.nl.</span></p> ]] Mon, 31 Aug 2015 22:00:00 GMT The BMJ podcast: The system can abuse elderly too http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=CFE18297-0380-4D0D-8BA8E8881A9F029C <![CDATA[ <p>Most definitions of elder abuse tend to focus on interpersonal relationships. But when you ask older people what they consider abuse, they often mention feeling abused or neglected by institutions or by the way health systems are organised. This is the main conclusion of a large qualitative study in The Netherlands, based on various focus groups and interviews. The study was published in an article in the British Medical Journal (BMJ) in June 2015, entitled 'Listening to the voices of abused older people: should we classify system abuse?' by Yuliya Mysyuk, Rudi Westendorp, Simon Biggs and Jolanda Lindenberg. View the full article <a href="http://www.bmj.com/content/350/bmj.h2697.full" target="_blank">here</a> (subscribers only).<br /> <br /> On Friday 24 July, the article was featured in the BMJ's podcast series <a href="http://journals.bmj.com/site/podcasts/" target="_blank">Talk Medicine</a>. Authors Jolanda Lindenberg PhD (scientific staff Leyden Academy) and Professor Rudi Westendorp (University of Copenhagen) discussed the factors that have contributed to system abuse. Westendorp: "Progress in medicine, for instance digitalisation, often has a downside for frail older people." The authors have a clear recommendation: involve older people in developing policies and redesigning institutions, to help prevent system abuse. Lindenberg emphasizes that it's not just about listening, but really taking seriously what older people bring to the table: "Start off with open questions, involve older individuals early on in the process instead of asking them to reflect on what's already there."<br /> <br /> You can listen to the BMJ podcast <a href="https://soundcloud.com/bmjpodcasts/the-system-can-abuse-elderly" target="_blank">here</a>.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> ]] Sun, 26 Jul 2015 22:00:00 GMT Students Union College visit Leyden Academy http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=BB70B283-F609-77A5-6F137769A53895A5 <![CDATA[ <p>Today we welcomed a delegation from Union College (New York), consisting of fourteen pre-health students with various areas of interest: from pre-medical, dental and public health to politics and philosophy. The group is currently touring the Netherlands to get a thorough impression of the Dutch healthcare system.<br /> <br /> At Leyden Academy, director Marieke van der Waal provided the students with an introduction to the structure &nbsp;and financing of health care in The Netherlands, in an international perspective. She discussed the challenges we are facing, most of which sounded quite familiar to the US students: an ageing population, rising health care cost and an increase in life style related diseases. Scientific staff member Lex van Delden presented a solution to the latter challenge: we can promote a healthier and more social lifestyle by making subtle changes in our work and living environments. Finally, scientific staff member Jolanda Lindenberg gave the students insight into three different care models, each with its own pros and cons.<br /> <br /> The Union College students visiting Leyden Academy is becoming a wonderful tradition and we look forward to welcoming them again in 2016.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> ]] Wed, 22 Jul 2015 22:00:00 GMT Festive graduation of MSc students Vitality &amp; Ageing http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=AADB6A70-98EE-4C2F-AAB989FC41CBA27C <![CDATA[ <p>On Wednesday 8 July, we celebrated the graduation of our master students Vitality &amp; Ageing. Fourteen proud and excited MSc students received their master degrees in the historical Academiegebouw in Leiden and were invited to sign their names in the prestigious 'zweetkamertje' (or 'little transpiration room') among the signatures of King Willem-Alexander, Nelson Mandela, Winston Churchill and many others.<br /> <br /> During last year's MSc programme, the students have developed themselves into the potential pioneers that will set out to change the field of ageing and vitality. We are confident that they will use the obtained knowledge and skills to make valuable contributions to the quality of life of older people around the globe and in their respective home countries, ranging from the UK and Czech Republic to Tanzania, Iran, China and India.<br /> <br /> We are already looking forward to the start of college year 2015-2016. In September, we will welcome fourteen new ambitious students from all over the world, sharing a passion for the elderly.</p> ]] Sun, 19 Jul 2015 22:00:00 GMT Successful study trip MSc-students to Budapest http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=A78F8DC5-FAAE-FD44-912518B6F20328AC <![CDATA[ <p>This week, the master students Vitality and Ageing enjoyed an inspiring study trip to Budapest, Hungary. The program included a visit to the Hungarian Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics, the Hungarian Parliament, Semmelweis University and Semmelweis University Hospital, founded in 1769. The students were welcomed and shown around in elderly home Napf&eacute;ny Otthon (Sunshine Home). Naturally, the students also explored Budapest's day and night life.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> ]] Thu, 19 Feb 2015 23:00:00 GMT Professor Jenny Gierveld: “Keep your social convoy in shape” http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=71009686-E4F1-067A-35798C300BA4BA9B <![CDATA[ <p>With over fifty years of research experience Jenny Gierveld (76), emeritus professor of sociology and social gerontology, is truly an authority in the field of loneliness. In 1969 she gained her PhD at VU Amsterdam and she is still involved in international research on loneliness and types of social relationships among the elderly. During the Masters of Ageing lecture at Leyden Academy on May 19, professor Gierveld focused on social relations in later life and the differences between countries.<br /> <b><br /> Grandparents take care of the children </b><br /> In the 1980s professor Gierveld developed a measuring scale for loneliness on the basis of six objectives, in which the term itself was strictly avoided: &quot;If the word loneliness is brought up, people usually start talking about someone else.&quot; With this scale, for example, the degree of loneliness can be compared between countries. She found that older people in Eastern and Southern Europe are much lonelier than seniors in Western Europe, despite the fact that grandparents in countries such as Russia and Georgia co-reside with their families much more often. In contrast to the assumption that there is more social integration and children take care of their parents. Professor Gierveld went to Georgia herself to understand how living together did not lead to a reduction in feelings of loneliness, as it turns out the grandparents take care of the grandchildren and run the household, often in difficult conditions. Thus, countering loneliness demands an interplay of individual and societal factors.<br /> <b><br /> Loneliness is deadlier than smoking</b><br /> That loneliness a serious social problem that endangers public health, was proven by <a href="http://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.1000316" target="_blank">research by Julianne Holt-Lunstad et al. from 2010</a>, confirmed in 2015, that showed that the mortality risk due to loneliness and a lack of social support is greater than the damage of 15 cigarettes a day. Professor Gierveld outlined that changing family ties will increase &nbsp;the development of loneliness in The Netherlands: we have fewer children, who often live further away and the frequency of face-to-face contacts is dwindling. To illustrate these developments she mentioned a <a href="http://t.co/Zfhvij7hwR" target="_blank">recent commercial by Dutch telecom provider KPN</a>, where two toddlers Skype with grandpa Henk on the other side of the ocean.<br /> <br /> <b>Strengthen your convoy</b><br /> Professor Gierveld finished her lecture with a rather bleak message and an important practical advice. The gloomy message: after fifty years in the field, she must conclude that most organisations are too optimistic about the effect of interventions. Despite all the well-intentioned initiatives from churches and volunteer organisations it proves extremely difficult to reach and help very lonely people. Professor Gierveld believes in prevention and advised her audience to invest in their 'convoy', a powerful metaphor for the social network as a group of ships that sail through life together. Take good care of your family, friends, and neighbours. Think twice before you move to a new city and try your best to solve quarrels, because particularly at a higher age it is quite hard to add new vessels to your social convoy.<br /> <br /> <i>Would you like to stay informed about the lectures hosted by Leyden Academy? Please let us know by email: <a href="javascript:location.href='mailto:'+String.fromCharCode(97,103,101,105,110,103,64,108,101,121,100,101,110,97,99,97,100,101,109,121,46,110,108)+'?'" target="_blank">ageing@leydenacademy.nl</a> or phone: +31 (0) 71 524 0960.</i></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> ]] Tue, 19 May 2015 22:00:00 GMT Leyden Academy hosts Chinese tv-crew http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=29A418A2-E963-81F3-9DA5BE97999DEC29 <![CDATA[ <p>On Wednesday 6 May, Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing was visited by a delegation of television channel Shanghai TV. The Chinese are working on a documentary about ageing and the structure and financing of elderly care in countries like The Netherlands, Denmark, Germany, Japan and the United States. In The Netherlands, they met with State Secretary Martin van Rijn, the Health Inspection, care institution Laurens and visited a number of Dutch nursing homes.<br /> <b><br /> Four interviews in Leiden</b><br /> At Leyden Academy, Shanghai TV spoke with ageing scientist David Van Bodegom and directors Marieke van der Waal and Joris Slaets. David introduced the demographic developments in the Netherlands, the perception of older people in society and the way in which health care providers are prepared for elderly patients in their education. In this context, Sarah Liu was interviewed: one of the Chinese students who follow the master Vitality &amp; Ageing at Leyden Academy this college year. Sarah could tell first hand about the differences between her motherland and The Netherlands. Marieke van der Waal walked the Chinese delegation through the structure and funding of the Dutch (elderly) care and Joris Slaets explained the current shift from a focus on disease and treatment to more person-centred care with a focus on quality of life.<br /> <b><br /> Hundreds of millions of viewers<br /> </b>The interviews will be developed into a documentary that will air in October 2015 on Shanghai TV, with approximately 100 million viewers in- and outside of China. The five separate items of ten minutes (each covering a theme, like education and financing) will also be broadcasted on Dragon TV that has as many as 200 million viewers. We hope the strengths and lessons learned from the Dutch context will reach a wide audience and give a positive contribution to elderly care in China.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> ]] Tue, 05 May 2015 22:00:00 GMT Master course Demography of ageing http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=A25E07F9-AFC3-2CB7-B7FEBDB4ACC97781 <![CDATA[ <p>Guest students may sign up for the master course&nbsp;Demography of ageing. Click <u><a href="/Demography_of_ageing">here</a></u> for more information.</p> ]] Sun, 30 Nov 2014 23:00:00 GMT Master course Anthropology of ageing http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=A2543BAA-F866-26B9-B92F898112ECC0FD <![CDATA[ <p>Guest students may sign up for the master course Anthropology of ageing. Click <a href="http://www.leydenacademy.nl/Anthropology_of_Ageing">here</a> for more information.</p> ]] Sun, 26 Oct 2014 23:00:00 GMT Masters of Ageing on social relations in later life http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=4B3D132D-DC10-4816-CB064E3573CAB2FA <![CDATA[ <p><strong>Contents</strong><br /> Prof. Gierveld is a pioneer in research into loneliness and social support at older age. In her sociological work, she has developed a loneliness scale, and is involved in several large scale longitudinal studies on social networks, such as the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study and the Generations and Gender Surveys. In this lecture, she will delve into the demographic and social aspects of ageing, with particular reference to well-being at later age and its relationship with social relations, the role of exchange of social support and its relationships with for instance living alone and new forms of family arrangements.<br /> <br /> <strong>Background<br /> </strong>Prof. Gierveld is emeritus professor at the Faculty of Social Sciences in VU University Amsterdam, and honorary fellow at the Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (NIDI) in The Hague. Her expertise lay in the field of social demography, household composition, living arrangements, social networks, repartnering, well-being and loneliness of older persons.<br /> <br /> <strong>Date</strong><br /> Tuesday 19 May 2015<br /> 16.00-18.00 hrs.<br /> <br /> <strong>Programme</strong><br /> 16.00 - Introduction by Dr. Jolanda Lindenberg, Leyden Academy<br /> 16.10 - Lecture by Prof. Jenny Gierveld, NIDI<br /> 17.00 - Discussion<br /> 17.15 - Drinks<br /> <br /> <strong>Location<br /> </strong><span style="font-size: 9pt; font-family: Verdana; language: en-US">Leyden Academy on </span><span style="font-size: 9pt; font-family: Verdana; language: en-US">Vitality and Ageing</span><br /> <span style="font-size: 9pt; font-family: Verdana; language: en-US">Poortgebouw, e</span><span style="font-size: 9pt; font-family: Verdana; language: en-US">ntrance 'Zuid'</span><br /> <span style="font-size: 9pt; font-family: Verdana; language: en-US">Room 0.15<br /> Rijnsburgerweg 10<br /> 2333 AA Leiden</span><br /> <span style="font-size: 9pt; font-family: Verdana; language: en-US">Please click </span><span style="font-size: 10pt"><a href="http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=A52DE559-F613-95A0-9C73B5506DA1AC3D"><span style="text-decoration: underline; font-family: Verdana; language: en-US; text-underline: single">here</span></a><span style="font-family: Verdana; language: en-US"> </span></span><span style="font-size: 9pt; font-family: Verdana; language: en-US">for directions</span><br /> <br /> <strong>Registration</strong><br /> Please send an e-mail by 1 May to register for this free academic lecture: <a target="emailtiframe" href="mailto:ageing@leydenacademy.nl?subject=Masters%20of%20Ageing,%2019%20May%202015"><span style="font-size: 9pt; text-decoration: underline; font-family: Verdana; language: en-US; text-underline: single">ageing@</span></a><a target="emailtiframe" href="mailto:ageing@leydenacademy.nl?subject=Masters%20of%20Ageing,%2019%20May%202015"><span style="font-size: 9pt; text-decoration: underline; font-family: Verdana; language: en-US; text-underline: single">leydenacademy.nl</span></a></p> </iframe> ]] Mon, 23 Mar 2015 23:00:00 GMT Master students visit nursing home Oudshoorn http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=6F2F8D12-E421-F71E-47826ADD2D017F86 <![CDATA[ <p><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language:EN-US">On 9 February, the MSc students Vitality and Ageing visited nursing home Oudshoorn in Alphen aan de Rijn. At the end of 2013, Oudshoorn transformed from a traditional nursing home to a small-scale home that can be best compared to a small village: central is the village square with a hair salon, supermarket, the Uitbureau (a kind of tourist office) and a grand caf&eacute;. The square is surrounded by various 'streets ' with a total of 22 houses, each housing eight residents and their permanent caregivers. These houses run their own household: they shop for groceries, prepare dinner in the open kitchen, wash and iron the clothes. Around the living room, each resident has a private bedroom.</span><br /> <span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language:EN-US"><br /> The basic idea of nursing home Oudshoorn is that the 176 residents with dementia and psychiatric problems are above all <i>people</i>. People with their own unique life stories, desires and needs for social interaction. Everything is furnished to accommodate this as much as possible. The homely environment ensures that residents remain involved in daily life for as long as possible and makes it easier for staff to really get to know the residents.</span><br /> <span style="font-size: 10pt; line-height: 115%;"><br /> For the master students, this visit provided an interesting introduction to a progressive nursing home. For more information, visit the </span><a href="http://www.verpleeghuisoudshoorn.nl" target="_blank">website</a><span style="font-size: 10pt; line-height: 115%;"> of nursing home Oudshoorn.</span></p> ]] Sun, 08 Feb 2015 23:00:00 GMT Special master scholarship available for Mexican students http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=58EBA2C5-B2BB-6485-64A272D385871879 <![CDATA[ <p>Students from Mexico that are interested in our international 1-year master programme Vitality and Ageing, can now apply for a special Orange Tulip Scholarship. This scholarship covers the full tuition fee for the academic year 2015-2016. With this scholarship, we hope to attract tomorrow's health professionals from Mexico who want to further their studies in the fascinating field of ageing.<br /> <br /> For more information about the Orange Tulip Scholarship, please visit the website of <a href="https://www.nesolatinoamerica.org/becas/mexico/orange-tulip-scholarship/instituciones-participantes/leyden-academy" target="_blank">Netherlands Education Support Offices (NESO) Latin America</a>. More information about our MSc-programme and curriculum can be found <a href="http://www.leydenacademy.nl/Master_programme">here</a>.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> ]] Wed, 04 Feb 2015 23:00:00 GMT Come visit us at the Master’s Information Day http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=5477C4A5-A679-9EDD-514899DE62E5EE5A <![CDATA[ <p>If you are interested in our MSc-programme Vitality &amp; Ageing and would like to learn more, please visit us at the Master's Information Day at the University of Leiden, this Friday afternoon 6 February. David van Bodegom, member of Leyden Academy's scientific staff, will give a presentation from 2.15 PM in college room 3.<br /> <br /> For more information about the Master's Information Day, please visit <a href="http://en.mastersinleiden.nl/information-days" target="_blank">http://en.mastersinleiden.nl/information-days</a>. You can also visit our <a href="http://www.leydenacademy.nl/Master_programme" target="_blank">Master website</a> to learn more about the programme or <a href="javascript:location.href='mailto:'+String.fromCharCode(109,97,115,116,101,114,64,108,101,121,100,101,110,97,99,97,100,101,109,121,46,110,108)+'?'" target="_blank">contact us</a> directly with questions about the curriculum, scholarship opportunities, etc. <br /> <br /> We hope to meet you soon in Leiden!</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> ]] Tue, 03 Feb 2015 23:00:00 GMT Leyden Academy PhD candidate defends thesis on The Evolution of Ageing http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=2B68C058-9776-FCCC-26F12CC333DD7928 <![CDATA[ <p>On Tuesday January 27<sup>th</sup> 2015, Maarten Wensink will publicly defend his thesis 'The Evolution of Ageing: Concepts, Causation and Calculus' in the Academy building in Leiden.<br /> <br /> During his medical education, Maarten became interested in the conceptual foundations of the evolutionary theory of aging, and in the mathematics that pertain to these concepts. Maarten is currently a PhD student at the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research (MPIDR), Rostock, Germany, under joint supervision of Annette Baudisch (MPIDR) and Rudi Westendorp who was director of Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing until 1 January 2015 and now serves as Professor of Medicine at Old Age at the University of Copenhagen.<br /> <br /> While evolutionary theories of ageing focus on the force of natural selection, relatively little thought has been given on the physiological possibilities and constraints different forms of life may or may not have. The interaction between these two factors gives a promising new perspective on the evolution of ageing.<br /> <br /> The notion that ageing should have an evolutionary basis is over a hundred years old. Yet, it appears that several dissimilar ideas exist about what this evolutionary basis consists of, while not all of these ideas are airtight. In his thesis, Maarten evaluates current theories about the evolutionary basis of ageing, and develops new ideas. This is done by means of thought experiments, mathematical models and data analysis, in which medical and epidemiological thinking is an important element. A direction for further research is proposed.<br /> <br /> We wish Maarten the best of luck in defending his dissertation and in his academic career, and above all a long, happy and healthy life!</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> ]] Mon, 26 Jan 2015 23:00:00 GMT Research shows 48% increase in health care expenditure after loss of spouse http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=85A6B5B5-F2EA-CE15-164E934C2FA6854C <![CDATA[ <p><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt;">After the death of a spouse, health care expenditure levels rise by almost half, according to research by Herbert Rolden, PhD student at Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing. The research <i>Changes in health care expenditure after the loss of a spouse: Data on 6,487 older widows and widowers in the Netherlands</i> provides insight into the economic value that spousal informal care represents in the Netherlands.</span><br /> <span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt;"><br /> Elderly married couples take care of each other as their health gradually starts to fail. To understand the economic value of this type of informal care, Rolden investigated </span><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt;">the health care expenditure through time for </span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt;">6.487 Dutch widows and widowers aged 65 and older over the period from July 2007 until the end of 2010, in up to 42 months before and after the death of the spouse. After the loss of the spouse, monthly health care expenditure for the widow or widower rose on average by EUR 239 per month (+48%).</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt;"> Overall, the rise sets in at the month someone becomes widowed, and is highest for men (EUR 319; +59%) and </span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt;">widows and widowers aged 80 and older</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt;"> </span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt;">(EUR 553; +82%). </span><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt;">Bereavement plays a minor role in the association between widowhood and health care expenditure. Herbert Rolden: &quot;We see no peak in expenditure in the months directly after the death of the spouse. Also, the increase in health care expenditure is five times higher in the long-term care sector than the medical care sector. This suggests that expenditure levels predominantly rise because there is a higher need for formal care after the loss of an informal care-giver, rather than a higher need for medical treatment related to the health impact of bereavement and sorrow.&quot;</span><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt;"></span><br /> <b><br /> <span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt;">Economic value of informal care</span></b><br /> <span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt;">In view of the increasing number of senior citizens in the Netherlands, it is important to better understand health care expenditure and th</span><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt;">e economic value of spousal informal care. This can be estimated by observing the difference in health care expenditure by people with a spouse with that of people who have no spouse, or no longer have a spouse. Rolden: &quot;By offering informal care, people keep their partners, family members, friends or neighbours away from the health care sector. The most common type of informal care is from spouse to spouse, particularly wives taking care of their husbands.&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt;">Since this type of caregiving is unpaid, it is rarely included in economic health care analysis. </span><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt;">We have therefore investigated the impact of the death of the spouse on health care expenditure through time. We collected figures of individual health care expenditure within a large population over a long period of time from the database of a Dutch health care insurer, and linked this information with data on marital status.&quot;</span><br /> <b><br /> <span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt;">Intervention programmes</span></b><br /> <span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt;">Insight into the economic value of formal care prevention by spouses is important for policy-makers who are concerned with improving the lives of older people and who are, at the same time, obliged to curtail ever rising levels of health care expenditure. According to Rolden, i</span><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt;">ntervention programmes including information, support, therapy, and respite care for older people providing intensive care for their spouses could have financial merit besides any potential beneficial effects on well-being.</span><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt;"></span><br /> <br /> <span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt; line-height: 115%;">The research '</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt; line-height: 115%;">Changes in health care expenditure after the loss of a spouse: Data on 6,487 older widows and widowers in the Netherlands' by Herbert J.A. Rolden, David van Bodegom and Rudi G.J. Westendorp has been published in international, peer-reviewd publication P</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt; line-height: 115%;">LOS ONE on Tuesday 23 December 2014: </span><span style="font-size: 11pt; line-height: 115%; font-family: Calibri, sans-serif;"><a href="http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115478"><i><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:10.0pt;line-height:115%;font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,sans-serif;mso-ansi-language:EN-US">http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115478</span></i></a></span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt; line-height: 115%;">.</span></p> ]] Thu, 25 Dec 2014 23:00:00 GMT InnoLIFE consortium wins EU bid of Healthy Living and Active Ageing http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=631669EC-BDA7-8167-C50E876913B0965D <![CDATA[ <p><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:10.0pt;line-height:150%;font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language:EN-US">In December 2014 it was announced that the consortium <span style="letter-spacing:.15pt">InnoLIFE receives a EUR 2.1 billion grant from the</span> </span><a href="http://eit.europa.eu/eit-community/eit-health" target="_blank"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:10.0pt;line-height:150%;font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language:EN-US">European Institute of Innovation and Technology</span></a><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:10.0pt;line-height:150%;font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language:EN-US">.&nbsp;Within the InnoLIFE <span style="letter-spacing: .15pt">consortium 144 partners of leading businesses, research centres and universities from 14 EU countries have joined forces,&nbsp;including </span></span><a href="http://www.medicaldelta.nl/" target="_blank"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:10.0pt; line-height:150%;font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-ansi-language:EN-US">Medical Delta</span></a><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:10.0pt;line-height:150%; font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-ansi-language:EN-US">. With the grant, further research is financed into healthy living and active ageing. As a partner of Medical Delta, Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing expects to make an important contribution to the research and innovations that will be developed within InnoLIFE. The activities are expected to start in mid-2015.<br /> <br /> </span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.0pt;line-height:150%;font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-ansi-language: EN-US">For more information, visit the Medical Delta website: </span><a href="http://www.medicaldelta.nl/2014/12/10/eit-awards" target="_blank"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:10.0pt;line-height:150%;font-family:&quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language:EN-US">http://www.medicaldelta.nl/2014/12/10/eit-awards</span></a><span class="MsoHyperlink" style="font-size: 10pt; letter-spacing: 0.15pt; line-height: 150%;"><i><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt; line-height: 150%;">.</span></i></span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> ]] Thu, 18 Dec 2014 23:00:00 GMT Joris Slaets joins Board of Directors of Leyden Academy http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=390FCBB6-F737-BDF4-3510AB1D27788D69 <![CDATA[ <p><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB">Today, during the symposium </span><a target="_blank" href="http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=A6E15468-C3D1-25A9-2E009856C9487A02&amp;nora=news&amp;showyear=2014"><span style="color: #ffffff"><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB">The Longevity Revolution</span></span><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: windowtext; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB"></span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB">, it was announced that Joris Slaets, Professor of Geriatric Medicine at University Medical Center Groningen, will join the Board of Directors of Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing. As of January 2015 he will succeed Professor Rudi Westendorp, who has accepted a position as Professor of Medicine of Old Age at the University of Copenhagen.</span></p> <p><br /> Since 1999, Joris Slaets is&nbsp;<span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-family: Arial">Professor of Geriatric Medicine at UMC Groningen and Head of the University Centre for Geriatric Medicine. He received a medical degree in Leuven, Belgium and was trained as a geriatrician at Erasmus University in Rotterdam. Professor Slaets is a coordinator in the National Care for the Elderly Program in The Netherlands and scientific advisor at Espria. Joris Slaets: &quot;</span><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB">I have been closely involved with Leyden Academy for many years now, contributing to the Master programme and Executive courses. I have the utmost respect for what Rudi Westendorp, Marieke van der Waal and their team have established. Their mission, to improve the quality of life for the elderly, is very near to my heart. I want to encourage the outstanding research activities and projects at Leyden Academy and strive to make even more impact on society. There are so many opportunities.&quot;</span><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; background: white; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-family: Helvetica"></span><br /> <br /> <span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB">As of January 1st, Rudi Westendorp will start as Professor of Medicine of Old Age at the Health and Medical Sciences Faculty of the University of Copenhagen. </span><span lang="EN" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN">He therefore takes leave as Professor of Geriatric Medicine at the Leiden University Medical Center (since 2000) and as executive director of Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing (since its establishment in 2008).</span><span lang="EN" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB"> </span><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB">Rudi Westerdorp: &quot;For my wife and myself, this is an exciting new step in the second phase of our lives. I really look forward to taking the ideas and mental legacy of Leyden Academy to an international level. I am leaving Leiden in high spirits: I am proud of what we have achieved and also know there is still much to be done. Joris shares the optimistic view of Leyden Academy and brings a wealth of knowledge and expertise. I could not have hoped for a better successor.&quot;</span><br /> <br /> <span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB">Dr. Wim van den Goorbergh, chairman of the Supervisory Board: &quot;We are honoured to have Joris Slaets joining the Board of Directors of Leyden Academy. With his experience, perspective and network he makes the ideal candidate to further shape Leyden Academy in the years to come, together with director Marieke van der Waal. We would like to express our gratitude to Rudi Westendorp for the huge contribution he has made to a more positive public perception regarding older people in The Netherlands and we wish him all the best in achieving his goals in Denmark.&quot;</span></p> ]] Wed, 10 Dec 2014 23:00:00 GMT The Longevity Revolution: the desires of seniors as a starting point http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=5365696C-DA8C-FD61-FAAE7AF4E0C87A19 <![CDATA[ <p><strong>&quot;Ageing is a complex beast,&quot; said Rudi Westendorp in his closing address of symposium The Longevity Revolution on 11 December in the Mare Church in Leiden. To curb this many-headed beast, commitment and input is required from various disciplines. The symposium, organized in honor of Westendorp's farewell to Leiden and his move to Copenhagen University as of 1 January 2015, offered an impressive series of lectures about the many facets of vital ageing.</strong><br /> <b><br /> Taking charge</b><br /> In the first part of the symposium, the latest scientific insights were shared. <i>Frans van den Ouderaa</i>, Chief Scientific Officer at Leyden Academy, discussed the relationship between physical ageing (from healthy to frail) and vitality (from vital to apathetic). Dutch seniors turn out to be relatively vital and prepared to take charge of their lives. Their wishes, habits and motives should be the starting point in innovation. He received acclaim from <i>Andrea Evers</i>, Professor of Health Psychology at Leiden University: she stated that people know very well what is good for them. However, only 5 to 10 percent of the population has a healthy lifestyle. On the positive side, people want to take responsibility for their health: in addition to information they need guidance, and digital channels prove to be as effective as a face-to-face approach. The environment of people plays a decisive role in seducing people to healthier behavior, said <i>David van Bodegom</i>, scientific staff member of Leyden Academy. With convincing examples, he showed that there we can achieve great results with subtle adjustments in our environment.<br /> <b><br /> Inside the human body</b><br /> <i>Tom Kirkwood</i>, Associate Dean for Ageing at Newcastle University, invited the attendees to look for the root causes of ageing. What happens inside the human body, is ageing genetically programmed? According to Kirkwood, our genes account for only about 25%, the rest of our ageing is a gradual accumulation of cellular damage. This is caused by various factors, that can be influenced by our lifestyle choices. <i>Ulla Wever</i>, Dean of Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences at Copenhagen University, made a nice parallel with the ' fountain of eternal youth '. Immortality is a recurring theme in art and religion, but reality is that we become weaker and we eventually die. The research carried out in Copenhagen into the biology of ageing and healthy ageing, is addressed from various disciplines and partners are invited from outside the University and across borders. The need to join forces also applies to the medical world, according to <i>Mark van Buchem</i>, Professor of Radiology at Leiden University Medical Centre. He is a strong advocate for interdisciplinary research into dementia. Conditions of the heart and aorta are associated with a decrease of the brain function, yet you rarely end up visiting a cardiologist with complaints about forgetfulness. A joint approach is needed to fight dementia.<br /> <b><br /> Individual desires</b><br /> The second part of the symposium was dominated by innovation in elderly care. The speakers were unanimous about the importance of taking the wishes and needs of the elderly themselves as a starting point. According to <i>Joris Slaets</i>, Professor of Geriatric Medicine at University Medical Centre Groningen and the successor of Rudi Westendorp at Leyden Academy as of 1 January, we should not forget that quality of healthcare in The Netherlands is at a very high level. Still, there is room for improvement. Slaets would like to see another quality measure in elderly care: experienced well-being. But attention to the individual desires and needs of people is at odds with the current governance structure in health care, focusing on uniformity and control. Taking positive social well-being as a starting point was also an important message from <i>Ab Klink</i>, Professor of Health, Labour and Political Control at VU University Amsterdam. According to Klink, much progress and profit can be made in prevention, like training courses to counter loneliness, fall prevention and support for overburdened family caregivers. <i>Pauline Meurs</i>, chairwoman at ZonMw, illustrated the importance of attention for the individual on the basis of her vital mother of 94. According to Meurs, we should invest more in the training and education of health care providers: their work has become more complex, they must listen more and enter into conversations. After all, putting the elderly in control of their own lives also implies that we put health care providers in control of their own work. According to the final speaker <i>Kees van den Burg</i>, Director-General Long-Term Care, the hearts cries of Slaets, Klink and Meurs are at the core of the transition that is now taking place in Dutch elderly care, shifting from a institutional focus to a focus on what people still want and can.<br /> <b><br /> Optimistic view<br /> </b>The symposium The Longevity Revolution offered a comprehensive overview of the latest scientific developments in healthy and vital ageing. The optimistic view of Rudi Westendorp, focusing on the strengths and opportunities of senior citizens, was the common thread in all lectures. For his contribution to the elderly care and a more positive image for seniors in The Netherlands, Westendorp received a <a href="http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=393230C3-9F32-8DA0-2BD0C5539D30F293&amp;nora=news&amp;showyear=2014" target="_blank">Royal decoration</a> from Mayor Lenferink of Leiden at the conclusion of the symposium.</p> ]] Mon, 15 Dec 2014 23:00:00 GMT Royal decoration for Rudi Westendorp http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=393230C3-9F32-8DA0-2BD0C5539D30F293 <![CDATA[ <p><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-US"></span><span style="color: #ffffff"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-US">During the symposium </span></span><a href="http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=A6E15468-C3D1-25A9-2E009856C9487A02&amp;nora=news&amp;showyear=2014"><span style="color: #ffffff"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-US">The Longevity Revolution</span></span></a><span style="color: #ffffff"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-US"> on Thursday 11 December 2014</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family: Arial; mso-ansi-language: EN-US"> in the Mare church in Leiden</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-US">,</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family: Arial; mso-ansi-language: EN-US"> Professor Rudi Westendorp received a royal decoration. Th</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-US">e decoration was awarded upon him by Henri Lenferink, the mayor of Leiden. Westendorp received a knighthood in the Order of the Netherlands Lion.</span></span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span style="color: #ffffff"><span lang="EN" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN">As Professor of Geriatric Medicine at the Leiden University Medical Center (since 2000) and as executive director of Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing (since its establishment in 2008)</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family: Arial; mso-ansi-language: EN-US">, Professor Westendorp </span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family: Helvetica; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: NL">has evolved into a figurehead for the emancipation of elderly care in The Netherlands. He has shown that a longer life offers many opportunities for society and for elderly themselves.</span></span></p> <p><span style="color: #ffffff"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family: Arial; mso-ansi-language: EN-US">&nbsp;</span></span></p> <p><span style="color: #ffffff"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family: Helvetica; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: NL">Westendorp has made ground-breaking contributions to the field of </span><span lang="EN" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN">Geriatric Medicine, for which he has</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family: Helvetica; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: NL"> received national and international recognition. As of 1 January 2015, he starts as </span><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB">Professor of Medicine of Old Age at the University of Copenhagen.</span></span><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB"></span></p> ]] Wed, 10 Dec 2014 23:00:00 GMT Rudi Westendorp on a trade mission to Japan http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=752536B0-992F-C151-B058055129EACBE3 <![CDATA[ Professor Rudi Westendorp was part of the trade delegation that accompanied the Dutch Royal couple from 27 to 31 October on their State visit to Japan. On Thursday 30 October he gave to King Willem Alexander and Queen Maxima and other invited guests a short presentation about vitality and Aging (see below).<br /> <br /> <em>Dear majesties, excellences, guests,</em><em><br /> <br /> We appreciate an explosion of life.<br /> <span style="font-size: 10pt;">Over the last hundred years, developing countries appreciate an ongoing increase of life expectancy.</span><br /> Every decade citizens in our nations live 2-3 years longer.<br /> <span style="font-size: 10pt;">Every week we get a weekend extra.</span><br /> Few generations ago only one out of three reached age 65.<br /> <span style="font-size: 10pt;">Nowadays retirement has become a certainty for almost all.</span><br /> Only one out of ten dies before that age.<br /> <span style="font-size: 10pt;">Longevity is not a disaster, it is un unprecedented success of mankind but poses our societies with unforeseen challenges.</span><br /> It is an obligation to find solutions for this demographic revolution.<br /> <span style="font-size: 10pt;">And that appears not to be impossible.</span><br /> <br /> My home country has a tradition of studying families of which the members have the tendency to become long-lived.<br /> <span style="font-size: 10pt;">They can 'tell us', 'show us' how to age successfully.</span><br /> One of the lessons is that health is appreciated differently by medical professionals and elders themselves.<br /> <span style="font-size: 10pt;">Professionals emphasize the physical functioning of brain and body.</span><br /> As if it was a biological machine.<br /> <span style="font-size: 10pt;">In the end we all become frail, but increasingly we are able to successfully delay that ageing process.</span><br /> The nowadays 75 year olds are as healthy as our 65 year old grand parents.<br /> <span style="font-size: 10pt;">However, older people emphasize that it is even more important what you do with your body, healthy or frail.</span><br /> They tell us that we should follow our dreams and use our talents.<br /> <span style="font-size: 10pt;">People do not feel good when being bored or lethargic and this is age independent.</span><br /> For example, quite some healthy youngsters suffer apathy, 'do nothing'.<br /> <span style="font-size: 10pt;">Vitality is the inverse quality, it is a mental function.</span><br /> People who are energetic and resilient can cope with the losses that life will bring.<br /> <span style="font-size: 10pt;">They </span>feel<span style="font-size: 10pt;"> healthy.</span><br /> <br /> This broad definition of health has major consequences for all.<br /> <span style="font-size: 10pt;">We often take care of frail older people who have lost the lust to live.</span><br /> It is important but not sufficient to take a medical emphasis.<br /> <span style="font-size: 10pt;">In the Netherlands we have developed a routine to include elders in decisions what to do and when to refrain from intervention.</span><br /> We have learned to take older people seriously.<br /> <span style="font-size: 10pt;">The same holds when developing new innovative products and services.</span><br /> Elders warn us to give too much attention to just treating the diseases of old age.<br /> <span style="font-size: 10pt;">We should prevent overtreatment and hospitalization.</span><br /> Older people would rather stay at home to maintain independent and feel well even at the cost of a shorter life span.<br /> <br /> I summarize the following key messages to address the ongoing demographic revolution:<br /> <span style="font-size: 10pt;">1. Keep a broad perspective on life balancing the biological and the mental aspects of our functioning: finally we prioritize the quality above the quantity of life.</span><br /> 2. We should avoid institutionalization and in stead make it possible for people to live at their home as long as possible: this necessitates the development of a complete new suit of services and products.<br /> <span style="font-size: 10pt;">3. In contrast to general opinion, growing older is a normal and valuable part of our lifespan: we should avoid age discrimination at all costs an enable elders to live and act in the middle of our societies.</span><br /> 4. Professionals as well as volunteers should help and interfere only when people appreciate barriers that they cannot overtake themselves in stead of us overtaking their lives: freedom in old age means that people are enabled to organize their own life.</em><em><br /> <br /> Ageing of our societies is a multifaceted challenge that not only necessitates input of the medical disciplines but also the humanities, law and economics.<br /> <span style="font-size: 10pt;">It should unite various regional stakeholders to come up with innovations that address the people's needs and at the same time serve the society as a whole.</span><br /> For example, in the south west of the Netherlands universities, hospitals, municipalities and private companies of Leiden, Delft and Rotterdam have joined forces to make that chance.<br /> <span style="font-size: 10pt;">Here at Tokyo University the 'Platinum' network has been build, a similar collaborative action and impressive initiative to transform the out of date settlements in Kashiwa into vital communities.</span><br /> This initiative showcases the ambition and the thought leadership that will successfully deal with the demographic change of our societies.<br /> <span style="font-size: 10pt;">Before long we will all see that ageing of our societies is a virtue, not a disaster.<br /> <br /> </span>Let me finish by thanking you for listening and by wishing you a very successful old age.</em><br /> <i><br /> Professor Rudi Westendorp</i> ]] Sun, 02 Nov 2014 23:00:00 GMT Master course Mutimorbidity http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=A25F5A5D-E411-9C9A-1A99F1A245D0E3C7 <![CDATA[ <p>Guest students may sign up for the master course&nbsp;Multimorbidity. Click <u>here</u> for more information.</p> ]] Sun, 04 Jan 2015 23:00:00 GMT Master course Vitality and healthy ageing http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=A2619D69-F419-326D-8BA66C2AB3CC3563 <![CDATA[ <p>Guest students may sign up for the master course Vitality and healthy ageing. Click <u><a href="/Vitality_and_health_ageing">here</a></u> for more information.</p> ]] Sun, 01 Mar 2015 23:00:00 GMT Master course Structure and financing of health care http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=A265AE8E-A56C-E31C-BD8CE12B08229165 <![CDATA[ <p>&nbsp;</p> Guest students may sign up for the master course Structure and financing of health care. Click <u><a href="/Structure_and_financing_of_health_care">here</a></u> for more information. ]] Sun, 05 Apr 2015 22:00:00 GMT Master course Governance http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=A281919E-C42A-CA3C-66ABC16BD9D67B4C <![CDATA[ <p>Guest students may sign up for the master course Governance. Click <u><a href="/Governance">here</a></u> for more information.</p> ]] Sun, 24 May 2015 22:00:00 GMT Master course Models of care http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=A27E00F3-940D-60D6-D3FCB70B37DF493C <![CDATA[ <p>Guest students may sign up for the master course Models of care. Click <u><a href="/Models_of_care">here</a></u> for more information.</p> ]] Mon, 22 Sep 2014 22:00:00 GMT First Leyden Academy PhD candidate to defend her thesis http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=5F82FB2E-A5C8-8A86-0CE5F2959463EA64 <![CDATA[ <p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: Verdana, sans-serif">Background<br /> </span></b><span style="font-size: 10pt">The thesis of Frouke Engelaer entails research on the compression and plasticity of old-age mortality during the epidemiologic transition. Studying old-age mortality during the epidemiologic transition is of great importance now that an increasing number of people reach old-age.</span><br /> <span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: Verdana, sans-serif">Life expectancy has increased all over the world from an average life expectancy of approximately 40 years before the epidemiologic transition to an average life expectancy that exceeds 80 years in post transitional countries today. This major success in improving life expectancy was accompanied by a shift from child to old-age mortality and from infectious to non-infectious diseases. The process of these mortality changes are described in the epidemiologic and demographic transition theories.</span></p> <p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: Verdana, sans-serif">&nbsp;</span></b></p> <p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: Verdana, sans-serif">Main findings<br /> </span></b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB">Overall, when countries shift from a pre- to a post-transitional stage, mortality decreases and an increasing number of people live up to old age. In addition, mortality is compressed to a narrower age interval in which most of the annual deaths occur. This compression of mortality reaches a limit as soon as countries enter the post-transitional era. Furthermore, during the last stage of the epidemiologic transition, with the appearance of 'diseases of affluence', we have observed an expansion of morbidity and more years are lived with chronic diseases. By contrast however, life expectancy without disability is increasing parallel to the increase in life expectancy indicating a compression of disability. Due to earlier diagnosis more years are lived with chronic diseases, but this allows for early treatment that in the end postpones or even prevents disability. In general, mortality remains highly plastic up to old age, as indicated by the continuous rise in life expectancy and the shift of the age-at-death distribution towards higher ages.</span></p> <p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB">&nbsp;</span></b></p> <p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB">Implications for society<br /> </span></b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB">The plasticity of mortality as we have observed during the epidemiologic transition has resulted in a rising number of people that have the privilege to live up to old age while maintaining good health. However, this trend can only continue when we adapt our society to accommodate our growing population of elderly. This comes with several societal challenges in terms changes in formal and informal care, health care costs and pension policies. Some of the implications will be discussed below. </span></p> <p><i><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB">&nbsp;</span></i></p> <p><i><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB">Dependency ratio<br /> </span></i><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB">The epidemiologic transition has lead to both low fertility and low mortality, which has resulted in ageing populations, especially in today's western societies. The age composition in these populations has changed from predominantly young individuals towards an age composition in which the proportion of children, adults and elderly is almost equal. This is o</span><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: Verdana, sans-serif">ne of the most common starting points for policy makers and is often measured as the dependency ratio. This ratio is an age-based indicator for the burden on the productive labour population and is given as the ratio of non-productive per productive individual. Based on the observations in our studies, however, we have several remarks concerning the dependency ratio as a measure for policy makers. First, while the old-age dependency ratio is increasing, one should not overlook that the total dependency ratio is influenced by the youth dependency ratio as well. The latter ratio (0-19 years divided by 20-64 years) has decreased during the last 50 years and will further decline in the future. The old-age dependency ratio (65+ divided by 20-64 years) has increased and is expected to do so in the coming decades. The total dependency ratio however, has not increased, and has in fact slightly decreased. A second reason dependency ratio's are inaccurate is because it categorizes all people aged 65 years or older as dependent. </span><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB">As it is an indicator based solely on chronological age, it overlooks that not all individuals above age 65 are dependent. Especially as we have shown that with the shift of mortality to higher ages, life expectancy in good health and without disabilities also increases. Policy makers should take this into account when using the total dependency ratio as a starting point for future policies in formal and informal care, health care costs and pension systems. </span></p> <p><i><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB">&nbsp;</span></i></p> <p><i><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB">Health care costs <br /> </span></i><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB">The average level of long-term care expenditure has been shown to rise with age. It is questionable however, whether population ageing is the major driver of the ever increasing health care expenditure. For instance, it has been shown that health care cost are concentrated in the last year of life. This is in line with our findings of a fixed period of disability at the end of life that cannot be further compressed. This implies that irrespective of how old one gets, the disability burden and the highest health care costs will be in the last year of life. In addition, the demand for health care will be postponed to higher ages. All in all, although higher ages are known to be associated with higher long-term care expenditure, is not the main explanation for the rise in health care costs. Alternatively, there has been an expansion in the use of medical technology during the last decades. These technical innovations have fostered the rise in health care expenditures and hence have played a major role in the overall increase in health care costs. </span></p> <p><i><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB">&nbsp;</span></i></p> <p><i><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB">Pension policies<br /> </span></i><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB">We have shown that human lifespan is continuously on the rise. This plasticity not only results in longer lives for individuals, but also for more people reaching old age. This has several consequences for many countries that offer their older citizens financial security through pension systems. In a social pension system, financial resources are redistributed from the working population to the retired population. In other words, as the old-age dependency ratio increases, a smaller working population is responsible for a relatively larger retired population. This will become a major burden for pension systems. Although life expectancy and healthy life expectancy are still increasing, many countries still have a relatively early withdrawal from the labour market, at an average age below 60. Increasing pension age not only helps to reduce the burden for pension systems, but it also results in a larger labour force. Most countries however, are hesitant to take the necessary measures in order to achieve this. It is now time to act and make sustainable policies that meet the needs from ageing societies. <br /> <!--[if !supportLineBreakNewLine]--><br /> <!--[endif]--></span></p> <p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB">Conclusion<br /> </span></b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB">Overall, our studies show the plasticity of old-age mortality. There is no indication that we have reached the limits of this plasticity, which is an encouraging finding. Hence, we can be optimistic about the future, but we also have to adapt to the new reality that people live longer and more years are lived in good health.</span></p> <p><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: &quot;Verdana&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB">Leyden Academy<br /> </span></b><span style="font-size: 10pt; line-height: 16px">Frouke Engelaer has been part of Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing since the foundation. In addition to conducting research at Leyden Academy, she successfully completed the Master Vitality and Ageing and was involved as student assessor.<br /> The management and staff of Leyden Academy wish Frouke good luck in defending her dissertation on Wednesday 10 September, and a promising career, and above all a long, happy and healthy life!</span></p> <p><span style="font-size: 10pt; color: black; span: "><b><span style="font-size: 10pt; color: black; span: "><b><span style="font-size: 10pt; span: "><i><span style="font-size: 10pt; span: "></span></i></span></b></span></b></span></p> ]] Tue, 09 Sep 2014 22:00:00 GMT Start master Vitality and Ageing 2014-2015 http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=358EA3A1-F8B0-9070-A28C6660A17824DD <![CDATA[ 1 September was the start of the introduction week of the master Vitality and Ageing 2014-2015! Seventeen students from the Netherlands, China, Iran, India, England and the Czech Republic have come to Leiden to become pioneers in elderly healthcare.&nbsp;<br /> <br /> <p>The students took a boot tour through the canals of Leiden and went to the opening of the academic year in the Pieterskerk in Leiden. This week they will stay at a farm hotel near Leiden to get to know each other. After that the lectures will start.&nbsp;</p> ]] Mon, 01 Sep 2014 22:00:00 GMT Masters of ageing Remko Kuipers http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=EE0C3207-AEB6-6999-28349A4305D8AEC4 <![CDATA[ <p><span lang="en-GB" style="font-family: Verdana; font-weight: bold;"><span style="font-size: 11pt;"><span style="font-size: 9pt;"><span style="font-size: 8pt;"><strong>17 September 2014:&nbsp;</strong></span></span><br /> 'Healthy ageing with a paleolithic diet'</span><br /> <br /> Contents of the public lecture<br /> </span>Our genes have been adapted to our environment, including our diet, through millions of years of evolution. Many, if&nbsp;not all, of the current&nbsp;diseases of civilisation result from the mismatch between our present&nbsp;environment and our paleolithic genome.&nbsp;Kuipers will address&nbsp;these differences and&nbsp;discuss the most&nbsp;important discrepancies between&nbsp;our present and our ancient diet.</p> <p><br /> <strong>Background dr. Remko Kuipers</strong><br /> Remko&nbsp;Kuipers is not only a doctor and&nbsp;pharmacist, but especially a researcher. He&nbsp;was the first Dutchman to obtain a doctorate&nbsp;in evolutionary medicine, the science thatengages in the relationship between evolution, lifestyle (including nutrition) and health. For his doctoral research he lived among the hunter-gatherers of Africa, Asia and Central America. Dr. Kuipers is the author of the successful book 'Het oerdieet', in which he explains why we should all eat like our ancestors.<br /> <br /> <strong>Date and time</strong><br /> The lecture takes place on 17 September 2014 between 16.00-18.00 hours:<span lang="en-US" style="font-size: 9pt; font-family: Verdana;"><br /> 16.00 - Introduction&nbsp;</span><em>dr. David van Bodegom</em>&nbsp;<span lang="en-US" style="font-size: 9pt; font-family: Verdana; font-style: italic;">Leyden Academy</span><br /> 16.10 - Lecture&nbsp;<span lang="en-US" style="font-size: 9pt; font-family: Verdana; font-style: italic;">dr. Remko Kuipers</span><br /> <span lang="en-US" style="font-size: 9pt; font-family: Verdana;">1</span>7.15 - Discussion<br /> <span lang="en-US" style="font-size: 9pt; font-family: Verdana;">17.30 - Drinks<br /> <br /> </span><strong>Location</strong><br /> <span lang="en-US" style="font-size: 9pt; font-family: Verdana;">Leyden Academy on&nbsp;</span>Vitality and Ageing<br /> <span lang="en-US" style="font-size: 9pt; font-family: Verdana;">Poortgebouw Leiden,&nbsp;</span>Entrance 'Zuid',&nbsp;<span lang="en-US" style="font-size: 9pt; font-family: Verdana;">Room 0.15</span><br /> <span lang="en-US" style="font-size: 9pt; font-family: Verdana;">Please click&nbsp;</span><a href="http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=A52DE559-F613-95A0-9C73B5506DA1AC3D"><span lang="en-US" style="font-size: 9pt; font-family: Verdana; text-decoration: underline;">here</span></a><span lang="en-US" style="font-size: 9pt; font-family: Verdana;">&nbsp;for directions.</span><br /> <span lang="en-US" style="font-size: 9pt; font-family: Verdana;"><br /> <strong>Register</strong><br /> Send an e-mail by&nbsp;12 September to register for this free&nbsp;</span>academic lecture:&nbsp;<span lang="en-US" style="font-size: 9pt; font-family: Verdana;">ageing@</span>leydenacademy.nl&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> ]] Mon, 18 Aug 2014 22:00:00 GMT Honours class: Vitality matters http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=E287478C-B280-98D1-A91B17CAD95A90AF <![CDATA[ <p>In the second week of July, Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing and the LUMC Faculty of Social Sciences/Psychology organised the<br /> Honours class 'Vitality matters' for the first time. Around 20 high scoring students - with an average grade of 8 or higher - attended this intense course that was all targeted towards the question &quot;What about vitality?&quot;.<br /> During the week of full day lectures and working groups, students concerned themselves with the diverse dimensions of vitality: What is it? How can we define it? What mechanisms underlie it? And how can we target vitality in practice? As students were from diverse disciplinary backgrounds the interaction resulted in an exchange of diverse ideas from psychology, medicine, law, international relations, biology and biomedical sciences.<br /> At the end of the week students presented their interventions ranging from self-organized gardening, vitality coaches and a website/app by which older individuals can travel together.<br /> Finally, individual papers will be developed from this intense week and proposed interventions. It was an illuminating and inspiring week, shedding light on the concept of vitality and its possible contributions in the lives of older persons.</p> ]] Sun, 06 Jul 2014 22:00:00 GMT Masters of Ageing: Ngaire Kerse http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=6003B927-A088-AB7C-8221A07A598076F2 <![CDATA[ <p>&nbsp;</p> Content hier ]] Sun, 13 Apr 2014 22:00:00 GMT David van Bodegom at TEDxLeiden http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=B90887B3-9FCB-D10D-8C4A095EDBA531BC <![CDATA[ <p>People tend to think that nothing is to be done about ageing. However, the manner and speed of aging is flexible, in which our environment plays an important role. Aging is the result of a mismatch between 'old' genes and 'modern' setting. It's in our genes to want to eat much and to save our energy. This behaviour used to be beneficial to our survival, but nowadays it provides many aging problems.<br /> <br /> On 22 November 2013 David van Bodegom gave a <a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-EKPgtlyGKU">presentation</a>&nbsp;'Be smarter than your genes to stay healthy while aging'&nbsp;at TEDxLeiden.<br /> &nbsp;</p> ]] Tue, 21 Jan 2014 23:00:00 GMT About artists and ageing http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=71814D8F-A974-2D25-650B0C8C1FEFB043 <![CDATA[ <p><span style="color: black; font-size: 10pt;"></span><span style="color: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><span style="font-size: 10pt;">Artists had a similar life expectancy when compared to the elite,<br /> even though they belonged to the social middle class of that time in the Low Countries. Creative activities are known to enhance health via different mechanisms, such as reducing stress, lowering blood pressure and chronic inflammation. These mechanisms are all known to be involved in the ageing process. Hence, Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing and the Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute studied the historical life expectancy of various groups of artists in the Low Countries to test whether they enjoyed an increased life expectancy. They compared the life expectancy of more than 12,000 composers, writers, poets, sculptors and painters born between 1700 and 1900, to the elite of that time in the Low Countries (the Netherlands and Belgium of today). </span><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size: 10pt;">Artists born before 1850 had a similar life expectancy at age 50<br /> when compared to the elite of that time. Only painters had a lower life expectancy than the elite, which is most likely due to their exposure to toxic materials. </span></span></p> <p><span style="color: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><br /> <span style="font-size: 10pt;">From 1850 onwards, composers and writers had a lower life<br /> expectancy when compared to the elite. However, painters now enjoyed a similar life expectancy as the elite. The reversed observations for artists born after 1850 could result from changes in the living environment during that time. </span></span></p> <p><span style="color: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><br /> <font size="2">The results will be published in PLOS ONE on January 8th.</font><br /> <br /> <i><span style="font-size: 10pt;">Fereshta</span></i><i><span style="font-size: 10pt;"> Mirzada, Anouk S Schimberg, Frouke M Engelaer, Govert E Bijwaard,<sup> </sup>David van Bodegom, Rudi GJ Westendorp en Frans WA van Poppel. </span></i><span style="font-size: 10pt;"><em>Arts and ageing; life expectancy of historical artists in the Low Countries.</em></span><br /> </span><br /> Click <a href="http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0082721">here </a>for the article.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> ]] Tue, 07 Jan 2014 23:00:00 GMT Conclusions of the Grant Networking Class http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=BD084DB7-BE90-38AA-0C07491850FD0204 <![CDATA[ <p><span style="font-size: 10pt;">The VITALITY! programme of Medical Delta convened from 31&nbsp;October&nbsp;and 1 November 2013&nbsp;a two day workshop at the Delft Art Centre to facilitate the conception of trans-disciplinary project concepts for the impending new European Grant mechanisms. The workshop was opened by Professor Huib Pols, Rector of Erasmus University. During these two days 35 participants of the Medical Delta academic centers as well as representatives of SME&rsquo;s took part in an orchestrated co-creation process after having been inspired by the needs of society and the opportunities of the application of cutting edge science.</span></p> <p><br /> <span style="font-size: 10pt;">Fleshed out proposals were presented three weeks later to a panel consisting of Professor P. Hogendoorn, Dean of LUMC; Professor E. Vo&ucirc;te, Dean of Industrial Design; Professor R. Westendorp, Medical Delta Vitality Programme Director and Mr J. Wiersinga of the company Silverfit. The event was judged by the participants to be very productive and successful, they particularly valued the opportunity to network across a broad spectrum of disciplines.</span></p> <p>&nbsp;<br /> <span style="font-size: 10pt;">The focus on vitality (defined as: <i>getting ambitions and goals which fit the stage of life of the</i> <i>individual and activities towards achieving these</i>) meant that the emphasis of the workshop was to achieve consumer-centric proposals aligned to the objectives of the new<br /> European programmes building on the complementary scientific competencies present. The participants had been selected with this aim in mind. The programme consisted of short pitches from the participating scientists of divers disciplines to inspire the discussion sessions. This comprised of contributions of bio-medical sciences, industrial design, ICT and health, health and cognitive psychology,<br /> health economics and in addition, information was presented on the new European programmes and how to forge academic-private partnerships productively.</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <span style="font-size: 10pt;">The five project concepts that were presented to the panel had the following emphasis:</span><span style="font-size: 10pt;"><span style="font: 7pt/normal &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; font-size-adjust: none; font-stretch: normal;">&nbsp;</span></span> <p><span style="font-size: 10pt;"><span style="font: 7pt/normal &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; font-size-adjust: none; font-stretch: normal;"></span></span><span style="font-size: 10pt;">- &lsquo;Personalised&rsquo; cancer diagnosis in particular for older patients and<br /> </span><span style="font-size: 10pt;">tailored decision making </span><span style="font-size: 10pt;"><span style="font: 7pt/normal &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; font-size-adjust: none; font-stretch: normal;"><br /> </span></span><span style="font-size: 10pt;"><span style="font: 7pt/normal &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; font-size-adjust: none; font-stretch: normal;"></span></span><span style="font-size: 10pt;">- Virtual reality for engagement of lonely older citizens</span><span style="font-size: 10pt;"><span style="font: 7pt/normal &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; font-size-adjust: none; font-stretch: normal;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br /> </span></span><span style="font-size: 10pt;"><span style="font: 7pt/normal &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; font-size-adjust: none; font-stretch: normal;"></span></span><span style="font-size: 10pt;">- Self management of joint conditions </span><span style="font-size: 10pt;"><span style="font: 7pt/normal &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; font-size-adjust: none; font-stretch: normal;"><br /> </span></span><span style="font-size: 10pt;"><span style="font: 7pt/normal &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; font-size-adjust: none; font-stretch: normal;"></span></span><span style="font-size: 10pt;">- Evidence-based integrated primary care </span><span style="font-size: 10pt;"><span style="font: 7pt/normal &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; font-size-adjust: none; font-stretch: normal;"><br /> </span></span><span style="font-size: 10pt;"><span style="font: 7pt/normal &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; font-size-adjust: none; font-stretch: normal;"></span></span><span style="font-size: 10pt;">- History book/online story telling </span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span style="font-size: 10pt;">For more information, please contact </span><span style="font-size: 10pt;">Frans van der Ouderaa<br /> (vanderouderaa@leydenacademy.nl) or Lonneke Baas (Lonneke.baas@tudelft.nl).</span></p> ]] Tue, 03 Dec 2013 23:00:00 GMT David van Bodegom at TEDx Leiden http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=74F2583D-A9A5-3074-C5DD4E51382C3804 <![CDATA[ <p><strong>If you understand aging, you can change it!<br /> <br /> What?</strong><br /> People tend to think that nothing is to be done about ageing. However, the manner and speed of aging is flexible, in which our environment plays an important role. Aging is the result of a mismatch between 'old' genes and 'modern' setting. It's in our genes to want to eat much and to save our energy. This behaviour used to be beneficial to our survival, but nowadays it provides many aging problems.<br /> <br /> <strong>Why?</strong><br /> David van Bodegom works as an assistant professor at the Leyden Academy, a knowledge centre in the field of vitality and ageing, and teaches at the Leiden University Medical Center (LUMC). During his PhD research on an evolutionary explanation of our long post-reproductive lifespan in Ghana, Africa, he became intrigued by the variety and flexibility of aging.<br /> Elderly Ghanaians enjoy a high status and are active and involved in their society. Physically, they have blood sugar and cholesterol levels of 18-year-olds, a BMI of 18.5. Age-related diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease are practically non-existent.<br /> David decided to devote himself to research on aging, declining to become a practicing physician; &lsquo;I would always have the idea that people would come to see me too late&rsquo;. He is fascinated by the idea that on the one hand healthy aging is as simple as &lsquo;eat less and sit less' and that on the other hand behavioral change proves to be so difficult. Billions are invested in angioplasty, stents, operations and drugs, while in principle, we know how we can reach the age of 85 without diabetes or cardiovascular disease.<br /> He does not believe in doctors prescribing people how to age. They can determine their aging processes by adapting their environment in such a way that they automatically make healthier choices. If your everyday routine is good, healthy choices are made effortlessly, and there is room for the occasional indulgence and pleasure. Healthy aging is not only easy, but can be fun too!</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><br /> <strong>When?</strong><br /> Friday 22 November 2013, 13.00-22.00 hrs.<br /> <br /> <strong>Where?</strong><br /> Meelfabriek, Oosterkerkstraat 16, 2312 SN Leiden<br /> <br /> <a href="http://www.tedx-leiden.nl/event/tedxleiden2013"><span style="font-size: 10pt"><u><font color="#000080">Register here!</font></u></span></a></p> ]] Tue, 19 Nov 2013 23:00:00 GMT ECE Innovation Challenge http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=DB36C83F-06BF-9085-D695409262745389 <![CDATA[ <p><strong>Background</strong><br /> Organizations are constantly in need of new insights and innovative ideas to deal with challenges they face. The Innovation Challenges is a crowd-sources platform where students, startups and professionals develop ideas and solutions for problems companies, institutions and governmental organisations encounter. Next to solving challenges for organisations, the goal is to stimulate new startups which bring the solutions to market.<br /> <br /> <strong>This years challenge</strong><br /> This year, the cases for the ECE Innovation Challenge are provided by Medical Delta and Esri. Medical Delta proposes the challenge of developing an idea, product or service to give an answer to the following question: How to inspire the older generation to get the most out of life and to continue making a contribution to the society?From 2013, the age at which someone is entitled to general old-age pension (Aow) will increase gradually. The Rutte government wants to raise the Aow age to 66 years in 2018 and to 67 years in 2021.<br /> The move is necessary as increasingly fewer employed people bear the costs of the Aow scheme. But what if people on pensionable age would remain productive? Medical Delta intends to support the older generation by encouraging individuals to achieve realistic ambitions based on their own abilities and self-management.<br /> Medical Delta has conducted research focused on four domains: work, self-management, housing and environment and social connectivity. Results let us see that the number of elder people who are productive is growing. Elder people are willing to remain productive under certain circumstances such as working fewer hours and by taking responsibility of their own health. Can you develop an idea, product or service for this purpose?<br /> &nbsp;</p> <b>Timeline<br /> </b> <ul> <li>11&nbsp;November: deadline for sending in your proposition (PDF file max.10 MB) to&nbsp;<span><a target="emailtiframe" href="mailto:eic@erasmus-entrepreneurship.nl">eic@erasmus-entrepreneurship.nl</a>.</span></li> <li>13 November: a max. of&nbsp;30&nbsp;persons/teams (2-4 persons)&nbsp;will be selected for the bootcamp.</li> <li>20-22 November: bootcamp (applying can only be done upon availability on 20-22 November).</li> <li>22 November: announcement of&nbsp;winning team, which will be&nbsp; awarded with 2.500 euro.</li> </ul> <br /> Click <a href="http://www.eur.nl/ondernemerschap/services/tools/ece_innovation_challenges/">here</a> for more information and to apply.<br /> <br /> <em>The ECE Innovation Challenge is an inniative of Erasmus Centre for Entrepreneurship.</em><br /> ]] Sun, 10 Nov 2013 23:00:00 GMT Leyden Academy celebrates 5th lustrum and new face http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=46EDEA79-F156-74ED-64ECF6C1951527D1 <![CDATA[ <p>Hello I am&nbsp;Thijs,&nbsp;a 75-year old former flower bulb grower&nbsp;and the&nbsp;new face of&nbsp;Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing. Very often you can find me on a tennis court or at the gym.&nbsp; <br /> <br /> On&nbsp;11 November 2013&nbsp;Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing celebrates her fifth&nbsp;lustrum. From that day, my face will decorate the communication activities of&nbsp;Leyden Academy for a year. So I will see you soon.<br /> <br /> Best regards,<br /> <br /> Thijs</p> ]] Sun, 10 Nov 2013 23:00:00 GMT Get richer, die younger http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=96E960C1-94D7-19E8-B668F7049CB32DFE <![CDATA[ <p><strong>Death rates among middle-aged and older people are higher when the economy is growing than when it&rsquo;s heading for recession, reveals a long term analysis of the economic cycles of developed countries, published online in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. But increased levels of work stress and traffic accidents are unlikely to fully explain these trends, suggest the authors.</strong><br /> <br /> Life expectancy in the developed world has continued to rise, largely because of the reduction in old age mortality, say the authors. Long term economic growth is an important factor in maintaining this trend, because &ldquo;wealth creates health,&rdquo; they add.<br /> As many countries are not only in recession, but also increasing the proportion of elderly people in the population, the authors wanted to know what impact this might have on life expectancy.<br /> <br /> They therefore analysed the gross domestic product (GDP) per capita&mdash;an indicator of national economic health&mdash;of 19 developed countries in Europe, Scandinavia, North America and Australasia between 1950 and 2008.<br /> They then plotted the GDP figures against the numbers of deaths among 40 to 44 year olds and 70 to 74 year olds over the same period. Over the long term, an increase in GDP was associated with a fall in death rates in all 19 countries, but the economic cycles of relative boom and bust told a different story.<br /> When economies were expanding, death rates increased for both middle aged and older people, but they fell when economies were heading for recession.<br /> On average, for every 1 percentage point increase in GDP, death rates rose by 0.36% among 70-74 year olds, and by 0.38% among 40-44 year olds. The effect on women of the same age was similar, but much smaller, rising by 0.18% among those in their 70s and by 0.16% among those in their 40s.<br /> <br /> The authors speculate about the possible explanations for the figures, includingincreased job stress, which would not affect older people, and increased air pollution, which is known to go up when economies are thriving, but which doesn&rsquo;t explain the gender differences in the figures. Unhealthy lifestyles and road traffic accidents increase when economies are in good health, but are unlikely to fully explain the trends.<br /> But changes in social support may exert some influence, they suggest, as higher employment could mean less time for informal care-giving to older people, a factor that is worth exploring further in view of the lack of evidence to substantiate this theory.<br /> <br /> Click <a href="http://jech.bmj.com/content/early/2013/09/19/jech-2013-202544.abstract">here</a> for the abstract.</p> ]] Sat, 30 Nov 2013 23:00:00 GMT Getting ageing in mice largely under control http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=C0350B52-07B5-3E13-9165D45D579E1074 <![CDATA[ <p><strong><em>Lecture Prof. Jan Hoeijmakers <br /> <br /> </em>On Tuesday 15 October prof. Jan Hoeijmakers gave a comprehensive lecture about getting ageing in mice largely under control for a public of over 50 participants. Prof. Hoeijmakers explained how DNA, the carrier of genetic information, is constantly damaged by numerous toxic exogenous agents. To counteract the negative effects of DNA damage a complex genome maintenance apparatus has evolved which consists of an intricate network of DNA repair systems and cell cycle checkpoints.<br /> <br /> Background</strong><br /> Prof. Jan Hoeijmakers is an expert in the field of DNA repair and ageing. He studied biology and joined the genetics department of Erasmus Medical Centre (Rotterdam, the Netherlands) after taking his doctoral degree in 1981. Since 1993 he is professor in Molecular Genetics at Erasmus University Rotterdam. Under his leadership, a brand new molecular biological research started in the field of ageing and cancer.<br /> <br /> <b>Lecture</b><br /> Prof. Hoeijmakers detailed how inherited defects in nucleotide excision repair (NER) are associated with striking clinical heterogeneity, ranging from cancer predisposition to accelerated ageing phenotypes characterized by neuro-developmental deficits. Even different mutations in single NER genes can be linked with such strikingly different phenotypes. Prof. Hoeijmakers&rsquo;s lab made major contributions to advance our understanding of the molecular basis underlying these conditions, by creating mice that express the human mutations that that mimic the human segmental premature aging disorders and/or cancer-prone phenotypes.<br /> By modulating DNA repair his lab recently succeeded in largely controlling the process of aging in mammals. Introduction of different mutations that confer repair deficiency may accelerate the rate of aging to different extends: lifespan and onset of many aging-related diseases ranging from years to weeks depending on the extent to which repair is compromised. The type of repair defect determines the spectrum of accelerated aging features with or without cancer. Several mouse mutants exhibit the most wide-spread premature aging phenotypes documented to date, including progressive neuro-degeneration (dementia, ataxia, hearing and vision loss), osteoporosis, osteosclerosis, cardiovascular, haematological and immunological aging, thymic involution, cachexia, sarcopenia, early infertility, liver, kidney aging etc. This is accompanied by progressive behavioural/physiological alterations, including spatio-temporal learning and memory deficits, loss of motor coordination, neuronal plasticity, hormonal changes, loss of stem cells, increased cellular senescence and gene expression patterns alike natural aging. Importantly, some mutants appear superior models for Alzheimer&rsquo;s disease, addressing a tremendous unmet medical need. These observations indicate that DNA damage and genome instability can drive a remarkably wide spectrum of age-related diseases and strengthen the link between genome stability and aging. Conditional repair mutants allowed targeting accelerated aging to any organ, tissue or stage of development. His groups recently showed that nutritional interventions were able of extending the lifespan and delaying aging of repair mutants up to threefold, which for mammals is unprecedented.<br /> <br /> <b>Discussion<br /> </b>The lively discussion that followed the lecture was largely devoted to interpretation of the life extending effect of caloric restriction in the prematurely ageing mouse mutants. These finding were unexpected as the DNA repair mutants are generally having a very high metabolic rate and very few fat reserves. This result may indicate that (over)feeding is causing damage. Future research will be dedicated at unravelling harmful food components and damages that are the principal drivers of the ageing process.</p> ]] Mon, 30 Dec 2013 23:00:00 GMT Masters of Ageing: Prof. Jan Hoeijmakers http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=0C55B1AD-0A6C-9D9B-9D18DD28C50923F2 <![CDATA[ <h2><strong>Getting ageing in mice largely under control</strong><br /> &nbsp;<span style="font-size: 10pt"></span></h2> <div id="lb"> <p>Our DNA is constantly damaged by influences from inside and outside our body. Damage in our DNA can cause diseases, like cancer, and t can make our body age. Prof. Jan Hoeijmakers researches our DNA repair mechanisms. By modulating DNA repair, he recently succeeded in largely controlling theprocess of ageing in mammals like mice.<br /> <br /> Prof. Jan Hoeijmakers is an expert in the field of DNA repair and ageing. He studied biology and joined the genetics department of Erasmus MC after taking his doctoral degree in 1981. Since 1993 he is professor in Molecular Genetics at Erasmus University Rotterdam. Under hisleadership, a brand new molecular biological research started in the field of ageing and cancer. Hoeijmakers has received various prices and grants for his scientific work.<br /> <br /> <strong>Programme</strong><br /> 16.00 - Introduction by Dr. Diana van Heemst, Leyden Academy<br /> 16.10 - Lecture by Prof. Jan Hoeijmakers, Erasmus University<br /> 17.15 - Discussion<br /> 17.30 - Drinks<br /> <br /> <strong>Location</strong><br /> Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing<br /> Poortgebouw, south entrance, room 0.15<br /> Rijnsburgerwek 10, Leiden<br /> Please click <a href="file:///V:/Templates/Directions%20Leyden%20Academy%202012.pdf"><u><font color="#000080">here</font></u></a> for directions<br /> <br /> <strong>Registration<br /> </strong>Send an e-mail by 11 October to register for this free academic lecture: <a target="emailtiframe" href="mailto:ageing@leydenacademy.nl"><u><font color="#000080">ageing@leydenacademy.nl</font></u></a>.</p> </div> ]] Tue, 10 Sep 2013 22:00:00 GMT Leyden Academy publishes in The Netherlands Journal of Medicine http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=DDF129BA-92DB-4160-790ECF60536A9D8D <![CDATA[ <p><strong>Leyden Academy publishes in The Netherlands Journal of Medicine<br /> </strong><br /> <b>In the July/August issue of The Netherlands Journal of Medicine an article on gerontology and geriatrics in Dutch medical education was published by Ward Tersmette, David van Bodegom, Diana van Heemst, David Stott and Rudi Westendorp. Ward is a former Master Vitality and Ageing student, and we congratulate him with this publication.</b><br /> <br /> <b>Background</b><br /> The world population is ageing and healthcare services require trained staff who can address the needs of older patients. In this study we determined how current medical education prepares Dutch students of medicine in the field of Gerontology and Geriatrics (G&amp;G). <br /> <br /> <strong>Methods</strong><br /> Using a checklist of the essentials of G&amp;G, we assessed Dutch medical education on three levels. On the national level we analysed the latest National Blueprint for higher medical education (Raamplan artsopleiding 2009). On the faculty level we reviewed medical curricula on the basis of interviews with program directors and inspection of course materials. On the student level we assessed the topics addressed in the questions of the cross-institutional progress test (CIPT).<br /> <br /> <b>Results</b><br /> The National Blueprint contains few specific G&amp;G objectives. Obligatory G&amp;G courses in medical schools on average amount to 2.2% of the total curriculum measured as European Credit Transfer System units (ECTS). Only two out of eight medical schools have practical training during the Master phase in the form of a clerkship in G&amp;G. In the CIPT, on average 1.5% of questions cover G&amp;G.<br /> <br /> <b>Conclusion</b><br /> Geriatric education in the Netherlands does not seem to be in line with current demographic trends. The National Blueprint falls short of providing sufficiently detailed objectives for education on the care of older people. The geriatric content offered by medical schools is varied and incomplete, and students are only marginally tested on their knowledge of G&amp;G in the CIPT.<br /> <br /> Click <a href="http://www.njmonline.nl/getpdf.php?t=a&amp;id=10000990">here</a> for the full article.</p> ]] Sun, 01 Sep 2013 22:00:00 GMT Publication in the Britisch Medical Journal http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=9B0F949F-DE57-76CA-3D940FD05E6DD989 <![CDATA[ <p><span style="font-size: 10pt"></span><strong><span style="font-size: 10pt"></span></strong><span style="font-size: 11pt"><strong><font face="Calibri">Higher variability in visit-to-visit blood pressure readings, independent of average blood pressure, could be related to impaired cognitive function in old age in those already at high risk of cardiovascular disease, suggests a paper published&nbsp;on bmj.com.</font><br /> </strong><br /> <font face="Calibri">There is increasing evidence that vascular factors contribute in development and progression of dementia. This is of special interest as cardiovascular factors may be amendable and thus potential targets to reduce cognitive decline and the incidence of dementia. Visit-to-visit blood pressure variability has been linked to cerebrovascular damage (relating to the brain and its blood vessels). It has also been shown that this variability can increase the risk of stroke.</font><br /> <br /> <font face="Calibri">It has been suggested that higher blood pressure variability might potentially lead to cognitive impairment through changes in the brain structures.</font><br /> <br /> <font face="Calibri">Researchers from the Leiden University Medical Center (Netherlands), University College Cork (Ireland) and the Glasgow University (UK) therefore investigated the association of visit-to-visit blood pressure variability (independent of average blood pressure) with cognitive function in older subjects at high risk of cardiovascular disease.</font><br /> <br /> <font face="Calibri">Both systolic (peak pressure) and diastolic (minimum pressure) blood pressures were measured every three months in the same clinical setting. The variability between these measurements were calculated and used in the analyses.</font><br /> <br /> <font face="Calibri">The study used data on cognitive function where the following was tested: selective attention and reaction time; general cognitive speed; immediate and delayed memory performance.</font><br /> <br /> <font face="Calibri">Results showed that visit-to-visit blood pressure variability was associated with worse performance on all cognitive tests. The results were consistent after adjusting for cardiovascular disease and other risk factors.</font><br /> <br /> </span></p> <p><span style="font-size: 10pt"></span><span style="font-size: 9pt"><b>Association of visit-to-visit variability in blood pressure with cognitive function in old age: prospective cohort study</b><br /> <i>Sabayan B<span style="font-size: 8pt">*</span>, Wijsman LW, Foster-Dingley JC, Stott DJ, Ford J, Buckley BM, Sattar N, Jukema JW, Osch MJP van, Grond J van der, Buchem MA van, Westendorp RGJ, Craen AJM de, Mooijaart SP</i><br /> </span><a href="http://www.bmj.com/content/347/bmj.f4600"><span style="font-size: 9pt">BMJ 2013;347:f4600</span><span style="font-size: 10pt"></span></a><br /> <br /> <span style="font-size: 8pt">*Behnam Sabayan succesfully completed the master Vitality and Ageing at Leyden Academy in 2011.</span></p> ]] Mon, 19 Aug 2013 22:00:00 GMT Act Your Age Festival 2013 http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=32E145C2-AD91-26E4-94D7159E1D3242E4 <![CDATA[ <p>People don&rsquo;t normally associate dance and old age with each other. Even now, while people are living longer, it&rsquo;s still mostly young dancers who are on stage.<br /> The talents of the older person, and the power intrinsic to this specific phase of life are insufficiently recognised and are not made use of by society. The prevailing images of older people, their ability and even their longings need to be transformed not only in dance, but in science and health care as well.<br /> Starting with professional dance, and with partners from health care, science and the business, the Act Your Age Festival aims to overturn the current view of old age. The three day festival offers evocative dance productions with older performers, lectures from top scientists and European opinion leaders, and workshops from various experts on aging. And, of course, the older person will be at the centre of the festival as the expert from the university of life.<br /> People from various disciplines will be brought together in Maastricht, barriers will be broken down and new insights will be acquired. Be inspired by unorthodox alliances, put the festival days in your diary:12-14 December 2013, Maastricht, the Netherlands.</p> ]] Fri, 13 Dec 2013 23:00:00 GMT Masters of Ageing: Dr. Chad Boult http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=7D6FD84F-F3A9-0FD2-873921D8F382E86A <![CDATA[ <p><strong>A quarter of all older people have four or more chronic health conditions, resulting in a need for complex health care that is very expensive. Recent research has suggested that enhancing&nbsp;primary health care in several ways could improve the quality of such chronic care and reduce its costs.<br /> Guided Care is a nursing-enhanced model of<span>&nbsp;comprehensive primary care for this population, which was recently tested. The results showed that it improved the quality of chronic care and&nbsp;physicians&rsquo; satisfaction with the care they provided. In integrated systems of care, g</span>uided care also&nbsp;reduced the use of hospitals and nursing homes.</strong><br /> &nbsp;</p> <p>On Tuesday 9 April Dr. Chad Boult gave a comprehensive lecture about caring for older persons with multiple chronic conditions. Dr. Boult outlined that persons with 4 or more chronic conditions, about 20 to 25% of the population, use approximately 80% of health care budget nowadays. This is related to many issues, but mainly, he argued, associated with numerous factors of mismatch in the organization and structure of health care. For instance, this chronically ill population is characterized by a high number of hospitalizations, caused by a frequent relapse after hospitalizations. Some, he described, are at the hospital more than 50 times a year, partly because the current system is not responsive to their needs.<br /> Dr. Boult argued that our current health care is fragmented, discontinuous, difficult to access, inefficient, unsafe and expensive. In an illustrative quotation, he cited the American health care analyst Donald Berwick &ldquo;Every system is designed <i>perfectly </i>to produce the results it gets&rdquo;: The current system does not fit our chronically ill population and is mainly targeted at curing and not at caring. This produces a mismatch that increases costs. In an attempt to find alternative models, Dr. Boult and his team developed the guided care model.<br /> <br /> In this model, guided care nurses work in a team with a physician to care for the 50-60 high risk patients with chronic conditions and complex health care needs. Nurses start by assessing needs and more importantly also patients&rsquo; preferences and priorities. From this they develop a care plan that is converted in an action plan in lay language for the patient. Instead of awaiting calls by the patient they proactively monitor the patient and create a close connection with the patient. They involve them in their own care, make them responsible for their own health, but also support and motivate them. Especially important in this regard are the transitions between different care institutions, such as from the hospital to the home and vice versa and the access to community services. The nurses also communicate with all the providers and caregivers involved.<br /> The guided care model was researched in a trial involving more than 900 patients (485 in guided care and 419 in usual care). Results were positive, especially in regard to patient satisfaction, reductions of hospitalisations and reductions in caregiver strain. Physician satisfaction in the intervention group was also larger than in the usual care. Finally, after calculation of cost differences guided care proved to be 75.000 dollars cheaper per caseload than usual care.<br /> <br /> Despite these promising results, it has not yet been further rolled out in the USA. Kaiser Permanente, a large insurance company owning its own health care facilities intends to further use the model. Dr. Boult related the slow furthering of this to one of the main problems of the structure of financing: savings are made on the side of the hospital, whereas the cost for this guided care model is paid by the primary care. As these two systems do not transfer money from one to another, the model is hard to implement.<br /> <br /> In the discussion that followed, the application of the guided care model for the Netherlands was debated. Overall, many similarities were seen in the Dutch system, for instance with guided care nurses were compared to nurse practitioners or the role of neighborhood nurses. Moreover, in many instances general practitioners tend to take on the role of the guided care nurses as the point of reference for the patient. In the Netherlands, furthermore, similar financing problems would be the case.<br /> <br /> Finally, Prof. Rudi Westendorp commented that in a discussion with one of the biggest health care insurers in the Netherlands exactly this point was raised and it was felt that the time has come to make a step towards changing this system.<br /> All in all, the guided care model was seen as a promising model. The systematic barriers that currently still exist however, pose a large challenge for the actual implementation of these kinds of models. A change must be made to be responsive to the needs and wishes of our changing health care population.<br /> <br /> <em>Please click <a href="/UserFiles/file/Presentation_Chad_Boult_9_April_2013.ppt">here</a> for the presentation of Dr. Chad Boult.</em><br /> <br /> <strong>Lecturer<br /> </strong>Dr. Chad Boult is a teacher, researcher and board-certified physician in Family Medicine and Geriatrics. Dr. Boult has extensive experience in developing, testing, evaluating and diffusing new models of health care for older persons with chronic <span>conditions. He has published two books and more than 80 articles in biomedical scientific journals. In </span>2009 and 2010 dr. Boult served as a &lsquo;Health and Aging Policy Fellow&rsquo; at the Centers for Medicare &amp; Medicaid Services (CMS).</p> ]] Mon, 08 Apr 2013 22:00:00 GMT Elder abuse symposium http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=98BAB889-D04E-2228-4EF96B5A92C7A2DC <![CDATA[ <p>Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing has organised a symposium on elder abuse on Wednesday March 30, 2011. Twelve international speakers&nbsp;discussed the topic in order to put it more prominently on the agenda in the Netherlands. During the symposium the&nbsp;state secretary of health, welfare and sport Marlies Veldhuijzenvan Zanten-Hyllner MD presented&nbsp;her action plan on elder abuse.<br /> <br /> International scientists such as emeritus Professor Elizabeth Podnieks, Professor Simon Biggs, Professor Paul&nbsp;Kingston,&nbsp;as well as Dutch scientists Hannie Comijs&nbsp;and Anne Margriet Pot&nbsp;contributed to this day. You can download their presentations here:<br /> <br /> <a href="/UserFiles/file/Ouderenmishandeling/Comijs_LAVA_30032011.pdf">Dr. Hannie Comijs</a>, GGZinGeest/VU University Medical Center<br /> <a href="/UserFiles/file/Ouderenmishandeling/podnieks_elder_abuse_in_context_compressed.pdf">Em. Prof. Elizabeth Podnieks</a>, Ryerson University<br /> <a href="/UserFiles/file/Ouderenmishandeling/Biggs_Abuse_and_Ageism_2011.pdf">Prof. Simon Biggs</a>, Melbourne University<br /> <a href="/UserFiles/file/Ouderenmishandeling/Mysyuk_elder_abuse.pdf">Yulya Mysyuk</a>, MA, MSc, Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing<br /> <a href="/UserFiles/file/Ouderenmishandeling/Prof_Pot_Presentation_elder_abuse_by_caregiver.pdf">Prof. Anne Margriet Pot</a>, VU University/Trimbos-Institute<br /> <a href="/UserFiles/file/Ouderenmishandeling/Dr__Lin__Prof__Giles_presentation.pdf">Dr. Mei-Chen Lin</a>, Kent State University &amp; Prof. Howie Giles, University of California, Santa Barbara<br /> <a href="/UserFiles/file/Ouderenmishandeling/Kurrle%20LAVA%2030Mar2011%201.pdf">Susan Kurrle</a>, MD., PhD., University of Sydney<br /> <a href="/UserFiles/file/Ouderenmishandeling/Thomas_Senior_mistreatments_and_disabled_people_neglects.pdf">Prof. H&eacute;l&egrave;ne Thomas</a>, Institute of Political Studies Aix-en Provence<br /> <a href="/UserFiles/file/Ouderenmishandeling/Hoerl_presentation.pdf">Prof. Josef H&ouml;rl</a>, University of Vienna<br /> <a href="/UserFiles/file/Ouderenmishandeling/Scodellaro_Leyden_30_march_2011.pdf">Dr. Claire Scodellaro</a>, Universit&eacute; Nancy 2<br /> &nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center"><b><img alt="" src="/UserFiles/image/state_secretary_resized.jpg" />&nbsp;<br /> </b><em>State secretary mrs. Veldhuijzen van Zanten<br /> at the symposium</em></p> <div><b>Background information</b></div> <div>In the last decades, elder abuse has been more and more on the agenda worldwide. Prevalence studies from all over the world show that about 5% of the elderly have experienced abuse of some sort. Studies in the Netherlands indicate that it is not much less here. Abuse of elderly does not only concern physical abuse, as the term might convey. It can also involve financial, psychological, or verbal abuse. Exploitation and neglect are expressions of abuse. In some cases different forms of abuse play at the same time. <br /> <br /> Although in the past the attention for elder abuse in the Netherlands was lagging somewhat behind, the theme currently receives more and more consideration. Practical guides and procedures how to identify and intervene in cases of abuse are growing. In the Netherlands, however, there seems to be a relative standstill in scientific development of the topic. A thorough scientific concept of the phenomenon is not yet advanced. Especially the embedding of the phenomenon in a wider, social, context is needed. The speakers&nbsp;specifically addressed this during this symposium and a scientific publication on this topic is currently in preparation.</div> <div><br /> <strong>Report</strong><br /> Within&nbsp;a few weeks&nbsp;a Dutch&nbsp;summary of the day will be available. If you are interested in this&nbsp;summary, please&nbsp;contact <a href="javascript:location.href='mailto:'+String.fromCharCode(108,105,110,100,101,110,98,101,114,103,64,104,111,116,109,97,105,108,46,99,111,109)+'?subject=report%20elder%20abuse%20symposium'">Dr. Jolanda Lindenberg</a>.&nbsp;</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>For more information about this symposium you can contact us via&nbsp;<a href="mailto:info@leydenacademy.nl">info@leydenacademy.nl</a>.</div> ]] Tue, 29 Mar 2011 22:00:00 GMT Public lecture by Sharon Kaufman http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=7F6AD566-0EAD-6A60-D988DA50322AD19A <![CDATA[ <p>On October 19 the Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing will organise a public lecture by the well known American anthropologist &nbsp;Sharon Kaufman. The lecture is entitled &nbsp;&ldquo;Making longevity: technology, policy and ethics in US health care&rdquo;.</p> <div>During this lecture Sharon Kaufman, PhD., professor at the University of California, Institute for Health and Aging, will present her views on how technologies, clinical evidence and medical procedures influence and shape expectations, practices and knowledge of people in late life. <br /> &nbsp;</div> <div>Time: 16:00 &ndash; 19:00</div> <div>Location: Congreszaal Poortgebouw, Rijnsburgerweg 10, Leiden</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><a href="/UserFiles/file/Kaufman_invitation.pdf">Here</a> you will find&nbsp;detailed information&nbsp;about professor Kaufman's lecture.&nbsp;<br /> &nbsp;</div> <div>Please let us know if you consider to attend this lecture by sending an e-mail to <a href="mailto:info@leydenacademy.nl">info@leydenacademy.nl</a>.</div> ]] Mon, 18 Oct 2010 22:00:00 GMT Public lecture: Prospects of Longevity http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=469A7AF5-F985-B655-6FC3F46EAA7B363E <![CDATA[ <div> <div>Ageing is a vital topic in today&rsquo;s world. With the growing ageing population and all concerns that are raised with this, it is important to understand what the future will bring in this respect. Until now, life expectancy has been steadily increasing and most scientists agree that there is as of yet no foreseeable stop towards this trend.</div> <div>The extent to which our longevity will grow is however still open for debate. The trend will have great implications for societies worldwide. In this &lsquo;Prospects of Longevity&rsquo; lecture we will delve into several aspects of the increasing life expectancy. The main questions that will be discussed are: is there a&nbsp;limit to how old we can get? And - if yes - where do we see this limit considering current scientific evidence?<br /> &nbsp;</div> <div><span>Prof. Westendorp will discuss in what way demographic and medical-technological changes have fuelled the increasing life expectancy we see nowadays. Due to the advances in medicine we are able to cure a large proportion of infectious diseases that were especially present among our younger population, he has identified. In the Netherlands, virtually all of us now reach the age of 65 and a large proportion even becomes older. Babies that are born nowadays in the Netherlands can even expect to live until a 100 years. On the basis of this evidence he will extrapolate what we can expect in the coming decades. </span></div> <div>Based on his experience in biomedical technology, Dr. Aubrey de Grey will present a different view. His prominent claim is that we can extend the life-span unlimited with current and future technological development. By addressing the underlying mechanisms of ageing, such as for instance changes in the nuclear DNA, mitochondrial mutations, accumulation of damaged molecules, cell loss and cellular senescence, we will be able to extend our life span according to Aubrey de Grey. Moreover he claims that even today we already have the biomedical technologies to actually remedy these mechanisms and he will put them forward in detail during this lecture.</div> <div>Both views predict our longevity will be extended, but the debate in which way and how long will be open to the public.<br /> <br /> <hr /> <br /> <div style="text-align: center"><b>Programme Prospects of Longevity</b></div> <div style="text-align: center"><b>11 October 2011</b></div> <div style="text-align: center">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: center">19:00 Introduction</div> <div style="text-align: center"><span style="color: #a67a1a">Marieke van der Waal, Msc</span></div> <div style="text-align: center"><span style="color: #a67a1a">Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing</span></div> <div style="text-align: center"><img alt="" src="/UserFiles/image/Foto%27s/Portretten%20organisatiepagina/Marieke_websize.jpg" />&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: center"><br /> 19:15 A demographic perspective on life expectancy</div> <div style="text-align: center"><span style="color: #a67a1a">Rudi Westendorp, PhD, MD</span></div> <div style="text-align: center"><span style="color: #a67a1a">Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing &amp; LUMC</span></div> <div style="text-align: center">&nbsp;<img alt="" src="/UserFiles/image/Foto%27s/Rudi_Westendorp_websize_200x207.jpg" /></div> <div style="text-align: center"><br /> 19:45 Short break</div> <div style="text-align: center">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: center">20:00 An engineering view on life expectancy</div> <div style="text-align: center"><span style="color: #a67a1a">Aubrey de Grey, PhD</span></div> <div style="text-align: center"><span style="color: #a67a1a">SENS foundation</span></div> <div style="text-align: center">&nbsp;<img alt="" src="/UserFiles/image/fotoAubrey_137_153_resized.jpg" /></div> <div style="text-align: center">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: center">21:00 Discussion</div> <div style="text-align: center">&nbsp;</div> <div style="text-align: center">21:30 Drinks<br /> <hr /> &nbsp; <div style="text-align: left">The lecture&nbsp;will take place in the Theaterzaal of the <a href="http://scheltemacomplex.nl">Scheltema complex</a>,&nbsp;Marktsteeg 1, Leiden.&nbsp; <br /> Attendance is free of charge and registration can be done via this online <a href="http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=4400F438-A810-E6A8-58DE790D4D85FA4C%20">form</a>.</div> </div> </div> </div> <div><br /> &nbsp;</div> ]] Tue, 19 Jul 2011 22:00:00 GMT Public Lecture Ruth Mace http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=FC5F963A-C666-979B-44C76A5BE575D303 <![CDATA[ <div> <p><strong>Leyden Academy, Poortgebouw Leiden, South Entrance, Room 0.15 </strong>(please click <a href="file:///V:/Templates/Directions%20Leyden%20Academy%202012.pdf"><u>here</u></a> for the directions)<strong><br /> <br /> </strong><strong>Background Ruth Mace<br /> </strong>Ruth Mace is Professor of Evolutionary Anthropology at the University College London. She studies the evolution of life history, culture, language, and the origins of kinship and social systems. In China she studies the evolutionary ecology of matriliny, in India the evolutionary ecology of pro-social norms and family structure, and in the UK the parental investment and child development.<br /> <br /> <strong>Contents lecture<br /> </strong>In her lecture Professor Ruth Mace will discuss some of her work on matriliny in China. From an evolutionary perspective, matriliny presents a puzzle because men in matrilineal societies transmit wealth to their sisters' sons, to whom they are only half as related as to their own sons. It has been argued that such systems would only maximise fitness under unrealistically high levels of paternity uncertainty. In her lecture Ruth Mace will discuss some of these issues and argues that matriliny can arise from daughter biased investment by parents and/or grandparents.<br /> <br /> <strong>Registration<br /> </strong>Send an e-mail by 2 October to register for this free public lecture:<br /> <a href="mailto:info@leydenacademy.nl"><u>info@leydenacademy.nl</u></a>.</p> </div> ]] Mon, 09 Apr 2012 22:00:00 GMT Masters of Ageing: Dr. Luc Bonneux http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=8AF46165-0CE9-952B-231C0D3BAAFFACD5 <![CDATA[ <p><strong>Public health in the 21<sup>st</sup> century: the prevention of diseases at old age</strong><br /> <br /> Dr. Luc Bonneux will set out his vision on public health in the 21st century. He will review Geoffrey Rose&rsquo;s strategies of prevention and will critically appraise current public health policies, including screening, vaccination and cardiovascular risk <br /> management. Furthermore, he will review the role of the government, pharmaceutical companies and individuals themselves in this domain.<br /> <br /> Dr. Luc Bonneux is a medical doctor, epidemiologist and publicist. He started his career as a doctor in tropical medicine, studied epidemiology in London and wrote his dissertation on health economic models of diseases of old age. He is well-known for his critical columns in, amongst others, &lsquo;Medisch Contact&rsquo;. In 2012 his latest book was published: &lsquo;En ze leefden nog lang en gezond&rsquo;. He currently works as a physician in elderly care. Dr. Luc Bonneux also lectures at the Master Vitality and Ageing of Leyden Academy.<br /> <br /> <strong>Programme</strong><br /> 16.00 - Introduction by Dr. David van Bodegom, Leyden Academy<br /> 16.10 - Lecture by Dr. Luc Bonneux<br /> 17.15 - Discussion<br /> 17.30 - Drinks</p> <p><br /> <strong>Location</strong><br /> Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing<br /> Poortgebouw Leiden<br /> South Entrance,r oom 0.15<br /> Please click <a href="file:///V:/Templates/Directions%20Leyden%20Academy%202012.pdf"><u><font color="#000080">here</font></u></a> for the directions.<br /> <br /> <strong>Registration</strong><br /> Send an e-mail by 12 February to register for this free academic lecture: <a href="mailto:ageing@leydenacademy.nl"><u><font color="#000080">ageing@leydenacademy.nl</font></u></a>.</p> ]] Mon, 18 Feb 2013 23:00:00 GMT Masters of Vitality: Andrzej Bartke http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=FC874402-F609-5D33-57C5294D29EDAB0E <![CDATA[ <p><strong>The neuro-endocrine regulation of vitality and lifespan</strong><br /> <br /> On 11 October 2012 a public lecture toke place in Leiden, organised by the VITALITY! Programme of the Medical Delta and Leyden Academy on&nbsp;Vitality and Ageing.<br /> <br /> <strong>Content<br /> </strong>With ageing, cellular and tissue damage accumulates, which was thought for a long time to be driven predominantly by chance. In the nineties of the last century genetically determined neuro-endocrine pathways were identified that control the rate of ageing. Professor Bartke was the first to describe their effects in mammals. His work led to major breakthroughs. Contrary to what was commonly believed, mice with reduced growth hormone,&nbsp;insulin and thyroid hormone&nbsp;levels, and increased insulin sensitivity&nbsp;have increased vitality and lifespan. Being in his seventies now, the research of Professor Bartke is aimed at unravelling the precise mechanisms that enhance vitality in these long living mice.<br /> <br /> <strong>Programme<br /> </strong>17.45 - Welcome and snack<br /> 18.15 - Lecture<br /> 19.00 - Discussion<br /> 20.00 - End of meeting<br /> <br /> <strong>Initiator<br /> </strong>Medical Delta is the consortium of top life sciences and medical technology partners Leiden University, Leiden University Medical Center, Delft University of Technology, Erasmus University Rotterdam and Erasmus MC. By combining their strengths and knowledge of universities, companies and government, Medical Delta aims to develop and implement new medication, technologies and effective treatments for tomorrow's health issues.<br /> The VITALITY! Programme of Medical Delta is coordinated by Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing and develops sustainable solutions in the quest to obtain and maintain vitality (both physically and mentally) into old age. Concepts like liveable cities, employability, independent living and interconnectivity are elements of the VITALITY! Programme. The mission is to enhance the quality of life by inspiring the older generation.<br /> Click <a href="http://www.medicaldelta.nl/research/medical-delta-themes/vitality">here </a>for more information on the VITALITY! Programme of the Medical Delta.<br /> <br /> Click <a href="/UserFiles/file/Presentation_Masters_on_Vitality_Bartke_111012.pdf">here</a> for the presentation of professor Bartke.<br /> <br /> <em>VITALITY: Keep the Spirit!</em></p> ]] Fri, 09 Nov 2012 23:00:00 GMT Do health care costs increase with ageing? http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=3976CDCE-D181-6D8B-FB280790A8E11D12 <![CDATA[ <p><strong>Every month a question on ageing is answered by an expert from Leyden Academy&nbsp;on Vitality and Ageing. This months question is 'Do health care costs increase with ageing?'<br /> Do you have a question about aging? Please send an </strong><a href="javascript:location.href='mailto:'+String.fromCharCode(105,110,102,111,64,108,101,121,100,101,110,97,99,97,100,101,109,121,46,110,108)+'?subject=Question%20of%20the%20month'"><strong>email</strong></a><strong>.<br /> </strong><br /> In news releases and reports the rise of care costs is mainly explained by the growing number of elderly. At first glance, this seems very logical. Step 1: Older people are more likely to get sick and have a higher chance of a chronic disease. Step 2: The care cost thus increase when people grow older. Step 3: If in the Netherlands the number of older people continues to increase, so will the healthcare costs. This reasoning seems to be confirmed by the figures. The number of people older than 65 in the Netherlands increases from 15% in 2009 to 24% in 2040.[1] Of the lifetime health care costs of Dutch people, 72% is made after the age of 65.[2]<br /> <br /> 1 + 1 + 1 = 3, right?<br /> &nbsp;</p> <p>Not quite, if we look at the calculations of two former Dutch politicians: Roger van Boxtel and Willem Vermeend.[3] According to them, the care costs increased 6.4% annually between 2008 and 2011. Of this percentage, only 0.7% can be contributed to ageing. The other 5.7% is due to legitimate economic changes (such as inflation and the Baumol effect) and volume growth (more people are seen and treated by the doctor or therapist, or hospitalised). Patients have become more demanding and medical innovations have increased the possibilities. Of course, this is a blessing. Economic growth must be in the service of our health, health care cannot serve economic growth.<br /> <br /> Nevertheless, we do not want our premiums to increase. If, in the upcoming years, we can achieve economic growth and we maintain the volume growth, then health care costs do not have to rise, despite of the ageing population. In the Netherlands, two major changes can reduce the average cost of elderly care in the long term. Firstly, the Dutch government want to set priorities in the field of care. Elderly care will have to deal with huge cutbacks. More is expected from the elderly themselves, as well as from the citizens, who must support the elderly more actively. More important than cutbacks is ending bureaucracy, which causes inefficiency and breaks down the quality of health care. Experiments with district nurses, cooperatives and abolition of rules and regulations are current examples.<br /> Secondly, the elderly community itself is changing. It is very likely that the elderly of the future will be more independent. Also the life expectance of men is increasing, reducing the number of care-dependent widows. In addition, research shows that a large part of health care costs is made just before death. Sometimes treatments at very high ages is unnecessary and not in the best interest of the patient. More insight into the effectiveness of treatments in older age, and associated improvements in protocols, are needed.<br /> <br /> Improving healthcare and reducing costs at the same time is within reach!<br /> <br /> <b>Herbert Rolden</b><br /> <i>Economist and PhD student Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing<br /> </i></p> <p><font size="2"><span style="font-size: smaller"><br /> [1] Central Bureau of Statistics</span><br /> <span style="font-size: smaller">[2] National Institute for Public Health and the Environment</span><br /> <span style="font-size: smaller">[3] Willem Vermeend &amp; Roger van Boxtel. Uitdagingen voor een Gezonde Zorg.<i> </i>Amsterdam: Lebowski, 2010.</span></font></p> ]] Sun, 13 Jan 2013 23:00:00 GMT Leyden Academy has a new &apos;face&apos; http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=F5270C53-FCD3-BCEC-EB8F897766081AE2 <![CDATA[ <p>The <i>Leidse amateur photographers association</i> (LAFV) celebrates its 90th anniversary. To celebrate this, all Leiden residents born in 1922 were asked to have their pictures taken. As a result, 60 special portraits were created by various amateur photographers.<br /> <br /> Leyden Academy also celebrates an anniversary, the 4th one. Every year on our anniversary, we choose a face of a vital elderly. This year a jury - consisted of the famous Dutch photographer Patricia Steur, elderly professor prof. dr. Rudi Westendorp and communications manager of Leyden Academy Eugenie Polman - selected a portrait among the 60 portraits. As of now, the face of 90-year-old Lenie Baart will decorate the communication expressions of Leyden Academy, such as leaflets, brochures, website etc.<br /> During her photo session mrs. Baart indicated to be insecure about her appearance. All the more special that her portrait - made by amateur photographer Henk Aschman - was selected to be the new face of Leyden Academy.<br /> <br /> The 60 portraits are exhibited at Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing, Poortgebouw, room 0.15, and is freely accessible on working days, from Monday 12 November till Friday 7 December, from 09.00-12.00 and 12.30-16.00 hours.<br /> Click<a href="/UserFiles/file/Directions_Leyden_Academy_2012.pdf">here</a> for the directions.&nbsp;</p> ]] Sun, 11 Nov 2012 23:00:00 GMT Vacancy PhD student http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=BBD6B4E3-00A0-61A4-24A1C8B4E3944D3E <![CDATA[ <p><b><span style="font-size: larger">PhD student (OIO) (m/f) </span></b></p> <div><span style="font-size: larger"><b>Project: The intergenerational transmission of abuse</b></span></div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><font size="2">Appointment:<span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 40 hours per week</span></font></div> <div><font size="2">Starting date:<span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;as soon as possible</span></font></div> <div><font size="2">Educational requirements:<span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; MA in Social Science</span></font></div> <div><font size="2">Maximum salary (month):<span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &euro; 2,141. -- (1<sup>st</sup> year) - &euro; 2,743.-- (4<sup>th</sup> year)</span></font></div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <br clear="all" /> <div><font size="2">Closing date for applications:<span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; May 1, 2012</span></font></div> <div><b><font size="2"><br /> </font></b></div> <div><b><font size="2">The position</font></b></div> <div><font size="2">As a <span>PhD student at the Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing, you will be a part of a small scientific staff. You will become part of a multidisciplinary project that explores the intergenerational transmission of family violence. As is known, neglect and abuse is sometimes transmitted from generation to generation, but it is unclear how this transmission actually takes place and which factors play a role. Does this mainly have a genetic background, are factors in the environment involved or is it the interaction between the two? We try to answer this question in a family study that includes three generations in a multiplex, multigenerational and case-control design. You will be part of the multidisciplinary research team in this project. Your main focus will be with the older generation and on the qualitative research methods that are involved in this project, but you will also be involved in the other parts of the research project. </span></font></div> <div><b><font size="2"><br /> Your profile</font></b></div> <div><font size="2">You hold a MA in Social Science. You are well-acquainted with qualitative research methods and interview methods. Besides, you have interest in dealing with other research methods such as questionnaires and observational techniques. You are able to work independently and in a team and you possess excellent communication skills, including fluently written and spoken Dutch and English. You are able to take initiative, you are enthusiastic and inquisitive and you have the creative skills to find solutions, though with a critical eye for your work.</font></div> <div><font size="2">A flexible work approach and ability to cope with stress is essential and you will be expected to present and publish your findings. &nbsp;We may expect you to assist in organizing an international conference on the project topic.</font></div> <div><b><font size="2"><br /> We offer</font></b></div> <div><font size="2">You will be employed on a 40-hour week basis. The appointment is for 4 years. After 1 year the employment relationship will be appraised and either of the parties may then indicate whether the relationship is to be continued, with stating the reason(s). </font></div> <div><font size="2">The terms of employment offered by the Leyden Academy are highly favorable. For example, you will receive a 8% holiday remuneration, a year-end bonus and an individual pension arrangement. </font></div> <div><b><font size="2"><br /> More information</font></b></div> <div style="margin: 0cm -9pt 0pt 0cm"><font size="2">If you have any questions, or if you want more information on this position, please contact mrs. dr. J. Lindenberg, e-mail: lindenberg@leydenacademy.nl.</font></div> <div><b><font size="2"><br /> Application</font></b></div> <div><font size="2">If you are interested in this job and you meet the requirements stated in this job profile, we encourage you to apply. You can do so by letter or by e-mail. After selection, a minimum of two interviews will be conducted via Video Conferencing or at the Leyden Academy, the Netherlands (depending on your present residency).</font></div> <div><b><font size="2"><br /> Applying </font></b></div> <div><font size="2">- Send an e-mail, stating your reasons for applying (letter of motivation) to </font><a href="mailto:vlek@leydenacademy.nl"><font size="2">vlek@leydenacademy.nl</font></a><font size="2">. Include your CV and your MA thesis (or other written work). </font></div> <div><font size="2">- Send a letter, stating your reasons for applying and including your CV and MA thesis (or other written work), to Leyden Academy, f.a.o.&nbsp;mrs. B.B. Vlek-Schmale,&nbsp;Rijnsburgerweg 1o, 2333 AA LEIDEN, the Netherlands.</font></div> <div>&nbsp;</div> ]] Sun, 15 Apr 2012 22:00:00 GMT Guest students http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=6AEFC6B6-B105-F92B-820A57EC4B0BEDE3 <![CDATA[ <p>As of the academic year 2011-2012 guest students will be admitted to the Master programme Vitality and Ageing of the Leyden Academy. Everyone with a completed Master degree and proven affinity with elderly and/or a medical background can participate. The maximum number of guest students for each course is six.</p> <div>The guest students are divided in three groups:</div> <ol> <li>Passive participant/a la carte: as participant without receiving ECTS-credits.</li> <li>Guest student: you are registered as a student at a Dutch university and participating in assignments/exams with ECTS-credits.</li> <li>Contract student: registering at our academy and participating in assignments/exams with ECTS-credits.</li> </ol> <div>For more information regarding these different forms of participation, you can consult <a href="http://education.leiden.edu/programmes/non-degree.html">the website </a>of the Leiden University. You can also find the eligiblity criteria for each of the different forms and you can download <a href="http://studenten.leidenuniv.nl/inschrijven-uitschrijven/andersstuderenden/anders-studerenden.html#gaststudentbijvakstudent">the form </a>for registration as a guest student.<br /> <br /> <strong>The appreciation</strong></div> <div>Courses are&nbsp;completed if the guest student has attended eighty percent of the seminars and has taken the exam succesfully. Only upon taking the exam, students can acquire ECTS credits. At the end of the academic year all guest students will receive a certificate. If applicable ECTS credits will be mentioned on this certificate.</div> <div><b>&nbsp;</b></div> <div><b>Costs</b></div> <div>You can find an overview of our courses in the <a href="/Master_programme/Curriculum">curriculum</a>&nbsp;in which you can also find for each course what the costs are. As a student at Leiden University you can follow courses free of charge, please do <a href="javascript:location.href='mailto:'+String.fromCharCode(118,108,101,107,64,108,101,121,100,101,110,97,99,97,100,101,109,121,46,110,108)+'?subject=registration%20guest%20student%20master%20Vitality%20and%20Ageing'">register </a>at our academy because of the limited number of places available.&nbsp;If you are already registered at a Dutch university you can, after <a href="javascript:location.href='mailto:'+String.fromCharCode(118,108,101,107,64,108,101,121,100,101,110,97,99,97,100,101,109,121,46,110,108)+'?subject=Guest%20student%20master%20vitality%20and%20ageing'">contacting us</a>,&nbsp;register at the Leiden&nbsp;University as a <a href="http://studenten.leidenuniv.nl/inschrijven-uitschrijven/andersstuderenden/anders-studerenden.html#gaststudentbijvakstudent">guest student</a>.&nbsp;It is possible to apply for&nbsp;a grant from the Vitality and Ageing fund, via the application form, which you can <a href="/UserFiles/file/Scholarship%20forms/Vitality_and_Ageing_Fund_Scholarship_form_Guest_students.pdf">download here</a>.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><b>The courses</b></div> <div>In principal only the core themes within the programme can be followed as a guest student. This concerns the following courses:</div> <div style="text-indent: -18pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt"><span>-<span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><a href="/The_ageing_process">The ageing process </a>(18-22 September 2012)</div> <div style="text-indent: -18pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt"><span>-<span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><a href="/Biological_mechanisms_of_ageing">Biological mechanisms of ageing and development </a>(24 September-21 October 2012)</div> <div style="text-indent: -18pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt"><span>-<span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><a href="/Anthropology_of_Ageing">Anthropology of ageing </a>(29 October-19 November 2012)</div> <div style="text-indent: -18pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt"><span>-<span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><a href="/Demography_of_ageing">Demography of ageing </a>(3 December-13 December 2012)</div> <div style="text-indent: -18pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt"><span>-<span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><a href="/Multimorbidity_and_Geriatric_giants">Multimorbidity and geriatric giants&nbsp;</a>(2 January-10 February 2012)</div> <div style="text-indent: -18pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt"><span>-<span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><a href="/Healthy_ageing_and_vitality">Healthy longevity and vitality </a>(13 February-16 March 2012)</div> <div style="text-indent: -18pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt"><span>-<span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><a href="/Structure_and_financing_of_health_care">Structure and financing of healthcare </a>(4 April-20 April 2012)</div> <div style="text-indent: -18pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt"><span>-<span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><a href="/Models_of_care">Models of care </a>(30 April-18 May 2012)</div> <div style="text-indent: -18pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt"><span>-<span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><a href="/Governance">Governance </a>(21 May-15 June 2012)</div> <div>For&nbsp;a detailed description of these courses, you can consult <a href="/UserFiles/file/Curriculum%20Master/Study%20Guide%202011-2012.pdf">the study guide</a>.&nbsp;Lessons take place on Monday- and Tuesday mornings.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><b>More information and applying</b></div> <div>All&nbsp;prospective students should apply first by using <a href="/UserFiles/file/Master/Application_form_Guest_students_2011_1.pdf">this registration form</a>.</div> <div>For more information, please contact the Leyden Academy&nbsp;via <a href="mailto:info@leydenacademy.nl">info@leydenacademy.nl</a> or telephone +31715240960.</div> ]] Tue, 26 Jul 2011 22:00:00 GMT Article students Master programme published http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=A3FB4A0A-FE39-94A1-28C7D1EC4E717E74 <![CDATA[ <p>Last year students Steffy Jansen and Benham Sabayan have succesfully completed their final mission for the Master Vitality and Ageing:&nbsp;their article that developed from their assignment&nbsp;<a href="/Research_paper">'systematic review'&nbsp;</a>is published in Ageing Research Reviews (IF 9)&nbsp;at <a href="http://www.sciencedirect.com">www.sciencedirect.com</a>. In this assignment, students apply their knowledge and understanding of gerontology and geriatrics by writing 'a systematic review article' based on relevant scientific literature. It concerns an excercise in writing according to the IMRAD-style, in searching and analysing relevant literature in a systematic way and interpreting and comparing the results in a comprehensive manner. Steffy and Benham managed very well and even did a formal meta-analysis.<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1325603805013_860"></span> You can download their article <a href="http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1568163711000912">here</a>.</p> ]] Mon, 02 Jan 2012 23:00:00 GMT Six million for thyroid research http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=C579907B-D844-9004-E93E720C8D41F9AB <![CDATA[ <p><span style="line-height: 150%; font-size: 11pt">Professor Rudi Westendorp from Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing and professor Jacobijn Gussekloo from the Leiden University Medical Centre (LUMC) met with medical experts from around Europe at the University of Glasgow for the inaugural meeting of a new research project investigating current treatment practices for people who suffer from a mildly underactive thyroid gland. The study is entitled Thyroid Hormone Replacement for Subclinical Hypo-Thyroidism Trial (TRUST), and is funded by a &euro;6 Million grant from the EU&rsquo;s FP7 programme.</span></p> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><span style="line-height: 150%; font-size: 11pt">TRUST researchers will follow 3,000 older subjects over a five year period in an attempt to better understand how to treat people who suffer from subclinical hypothyroidism. Half of the subjects will be treated with a hormone replacement drug, thyroxine, while the other half will be given a placebo; both groups will then be monitored to evaluate how they respond to the treatments. </span></div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><span style="line-height: 150%; font-size: 11pt">The thyroid gland is located in the neck and controls how quickly the body uses energy and produces proteins; it also controls how sensitive the body is to various hormones. A mildly underactive thyroid, a condition also known as subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) affects around one in six people over the age of 65 and has been linked to various health problems, such as heart attacks and strokes, in later life.</span></div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><span style="line-height: 150%; font-size: 11pt">The project will mean academics from the LUMC and the Leyden Academy will collaborate with experts in ageing, thyroid problems and vascular disease from around Europe, including researchers from the Leiden University Medical Centre and Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing, Netherlands; University of Cork, Ireland and University of Berne, Switzerland.&nbsp;<br /> <br /> Here you'll find an&nbsp;<a href="/UserFiles/file/UCCEchoDiary30_11_11.pdf">article </a>about it in the Evening Echo and one in the <a href="/UserFiles/file/UCC_ThyroidStudy.pdf">Irish Times</a>.</span></div> ]] Sun, 20 Nov 2011 23:00:00 GMT A new year and a new face http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=8DC4CE18-009E-4FF2-142A6D931F3B59D0 <![CDATA[ <P>On 11 november 2011 we celebrate the third birthday of the Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing. The past year has been very intensive and successful. Not only the Executive Programme, which attracted more participants than there were openings, but also the Master Programme, Young Excellence Class, Agening Process course and Summer Course offered an interesting and varied programme, and were well received. The public lectures on elder abuse and longevity attracted a lot of interest, from participants as well as the media.<BR><BR>Portrait<BR>Each year we select a portrait the represents the Leyden Academy, its mission and goals. This year we have the pleasure introducing you to Willem Antheunissen, a vital man of 81 years old. Willem lives with his wife in Leiderdorp. Willem is a distinguished, warm and humorous man with a lot of interests, such as gardening, driving his car and travelling. Since four years, his skiing trips belong to the past, but he stays in shape by exercising in the gym. His four granddaughters also keep him young.</P> ]] Wed, 09 Nov 2011 23:00:00 GMT ILC Conference: &apos;Integrated Care for Frail Older People&apos; http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=484EFD5D-0355-E17D-4ADFD8D25B2A630D <![CDATA[ <p>On Thursday September 29th ILC The Netherlands (ILC Zorg voor Later) is the host for the conference and the second ILC Robert Butler Memorial Lecture. This lecture is in memory of the in 2010 deceased Dr. Robert Butler, a geriatrics guru, Pulitzer Prize winner and founder of ILC Global Alliance.</p> <p>The theme for the conference is Integrated Cair for Frail Older People. There is a worldwide awareness that care and support should be improved and adjusted to the needs of frail older people. During the conference, innovative solutions from an international perspective are presented and discussed. For more information, click <a href="http://www.ilczorgvoorlater.nl/zvl_organisatie.asp?nid=12">here</a>.<br /> &nbsp;</p> ]] Wed, 07 Sep 2011 22:00:00 GMT Launch of the new student website http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=B9B1B398-B580-C3D6-2BF194EC13201F95 <![CDATA[ <p>Students and prospective students of the master programme in vitality and ageing can from now on visit our new website for students: <a href="http://www.mastervitality.nl">www.mastervitality.nl</a><br /> On the website you can find more information about the master programme, FAQ about the master and experiences of current students. <br /> Student assessor, and also master student, Akbar Shafiee has a weblog about ageing and vitality in which he discusses current activities and a diversity of news and media coverage about ageing and vitality.<br /> If you wish to discover how well you can guess someone's age, then participate in the 'guess the age' quiz.&nbsp;You can also take the challenge and test your ageing knowledge in the quiz about gerontology and geriatrics.</p> ]] Mon, 14 Mar 2011 23:00:00 GMT Summer school http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=C967FAF5-C9DB-CC47-3151A6F7AC6B105E <![CDATA[ <p>For the first time since its establishment in 2008&nbsp;the Leyden Academy offers a summer course from July 11 until July 15 2011. The one week course entitled 'Why we age' will&nbsp;delve into questions such as <span style="font-style: italic; font-size: 10pt; language: EN">Why do we age? Why do humans live longer than cats? Is ageing inevitable? What mechanisms underlie the ageing process?</span><span style="font-size: 10pt; language: EN"> <br /> <br /> The lectures will be given by renowned members of the gerontological community; among others </span><span style="color: #b38436; font-size: 10pt; language: EN">prof George M. Martin </span><span style="font-size: 10pt; language: EN">from the University of Washington and </span><span style="color: #b38436; font-size: 10pt; language: EN">prof Rudi G.J. Westendorp </span><span style="font-size: 10pt; language: EN">of the Leyden Academy on Vitality &amp; Ageing.<br /> <span style="font-size: 10pt; language: EN"><br /> First we will discuss why we age from an evolutionary point of view. All current theories of ageing will be reviewed. Participants will learn how evolutionary theories explain why many organisms age and will even find that the notion that ageing is inherent to life can&nbsp;be called into question.<br /> <br /> After this, participants will gain an understanding of the processes and mechanisms of the ageing process. How do we age and can these processes be influenced? what is the role of genetics and telomeres?<br /> <br /> Finally we will discuss future implications for medical doctors, and the relation between aging and disease. How to achieve healthy ageing in the future of medicine?<br /> <br /> For&nbsp;more information,&nbsp;you can download the flyer <a href="/UserFiles/file/A5%20Flyer%20summer%20course.pdf">here</a>.<br /> <br /> The summer course is free of charge.&nbsp;You do however need to take care of your own transport, living and overnight costs. For temporary housing you can have a look at:<br /> - <a href="http://portal.leiden.nl/en/tourism_leisure/staying_overnight">VVV&nbsp;Leiden</a><br /> - <a href="http://www.duwo.nl/eCache/DEF/6/638.html">DUWO</a><br /> - <a href="http://www.stayokay.com/?pageID=3207&amp;hostelID=356049&amp;language=en">Stay Okay Noordwijk</a><br /> - <a href="http://www.sfshousing.nl/index.php?la=eng">Students for Students</a><br /> <br /> If you would like more information about this course, you can <a href="javascript:location.href='mailto:'+String.fromCharCode(105,110,102,111,64,108,101,121,100,101,110,97,99,97,100,101,109,121,46,110,108)+'?subject=summer%20course'">send us an e-mail</a>. If you wish to register, please download <a href="/UserFiles/file/Registration%20form%20summer%20course.doc">the&nbsp;registration form </a>here&nbsp;and send it to <a href="mailto:info@leydenacademy.nl">info@leydenacademy.nl</a>. </span></span></p> ]] Thu, 17 Mar 2011 23:00:00 GMT Lecture of the Leyden Academy in the media http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=F85F88A9-A962-0F26-13267BB5CBE8DADD <![CDATA[ <p>The public lecture about life expectancy&nbsp;which&nbsp;was organised by the Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing on&nbsp;October 11, 2011&nbsp;has raised quite some attention&nbsp;in the media. <br /> Prof. dr. Rudi Westendorp highlighted in which way demographic and medical-technological changes have led to&nbsp;the increasing life expectancy. Demographic&nbsp;data show that&nbsp;children&nbsp;who are born right now will become&nbsp;a 100 years&nbsp;old on average.<br /> Based on his expertise in biomedical technology, dr.&nbsp;Aubrey de Grey expanded on his revolutionary opinion. By addressing the underlying mechanisms of ageing, such as changes in mitochondrial mutations,&nbsp;the nuclear DNA, accumulation of damaged molecules, cell loss and cellular senescence, we will be able&nbsp;to extend our lifespan drastically. Even more,&nbsp;de Grey&nbsp;holds the opinion that the first human being that will reach the&nbsp;age of a 1000&nbsp;years is already among us.&nbsp;<br /> The lecture drew the attention of around&nbsp;two hundred interested and was reviewed elaborately in the media. Below,&nbsp;some&nbsp;links to&nbsp;the coverage:<br /> <br /> - <a href="http://www.volkskrant.nl/vk/nl/2672/Wetenschap-Gezondheid/article/detail/2962141/2011/10/10/Kinderen-die-dit-jaar-geboren-worden-worden-100-jaar.dhtml">De Volkskrant</a><br /> - <a href="http://www.nu.nl/wetenschap/2560048/mensen-kunnen-duizend-jaar-oud-worden.html">Nu.nl</a><br /> - Tv-fragment with Prof. dr. Rudi Westendorp and Aubrey de Grey at <a href="http://www.uitzendinggemist.nl/index.php/aflevering?aflID=13208999&amp;md5=4a8fea7f320f5bb20fd89fa680e116b4">De Wereld Draait Door</a><br /> - Radio-fragment with Prof. dr. Rudi Westendorp at <a href="http://eversstaatop.radio538.nl/fragmenten/eerste-mens-die-1000-wordt-is-al-onder-ons/ ">Evers staat op, radio 538</a><br /> - David van Bodegom at <a href="http://www.tijdvoormax.nl/?waxtrapp=mpulaLsHnHUViBdBGC">Tijd voor Max, omroep Max</a><br /> - Report of the evening by Elmar Veerman on <a href="http://www.wetenschap24.nl/nieuws/artikelen/2011/oktober/Onsterfelijkheid-is-maar-een-bij-effect.html">Wetenschap24<br /> </a><br /> The PowerPoint presentations of prof. dr. Rudi&nbsp;Westendorp can be downloaded <a href="/UserFiles/file/PowerPoint_Prof_Westendorp.pdf">here</a>, the presentation of dr.&nbsp;Aubrey de Grey will become available here as soon as possible.</p> ]] Tue, 11 Oct 2011 22:00:00 GMT Master students in action http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=8B76BCEC-E75E-C690-6F72FBB099ABF4AA <![CDATA[ <p>The master Vitality and Ageing started mid september with an introduction period. It was a great occasion for the international students to get to know each other. They got a training about their personalities, had some teambuilding games and did of course also a typical Dutch activity:&nbsp;cheese making. Right now it's back to business, the lectures have already been started. We wish them a very stimulating and interesting year.<br /> <br /> <img alt="" src="/UserFiles/image/introduction_week_2011_082_200_150_resized.jpg" /><img alt="" src="/UserFiles/image/introduction_week_2011_002_200_266_resized.jpg" /></p> ]] Tue, 20 Sep 2011 22:00:00 GMT Rudi Westendorp honoured in the U.K. http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=BC16F933-DE82-A5D5-05CB83E218FB0E4C <![CDATA[ <p>Professor Rudi Westendorp has been honoured today, December 6, by Newcastle University &nbsp;for his achievements in the area of ageing and health.<br /> <br /> <img alt="" src="/UserFiles/image/Foto's/Honorary_Doctor_Newcastle1_websize.jpg" /></p> <div>He received the title &nbsp;&ldquo;Honorary Doctor of Medicine (Hon MD). Three other leading professors and a well-known journalist were also honoured at the Changing Age Celebration.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>Professor Tom Kirkwood, director of the Institute for Ageing and Health: <br /> &quot;Individually and collectively, the five people being honoured today have made an outstanding contribution to our understanding of the issues we face as we age.&quot;</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div><a href="http://www.ncl.ac.uk/press.office/press.release/item/celebrating-changing-age">Please read the press release&nbsp;of Newcastle University</a>.<br /> <br /> <img alt="" src="/UserFiles/image/Foto's/Honorary_Doctor_Newcastle_group_2_websize_400x268.jpg" /></div> ]] Sun, 05 Dec 2010 23:00:00 GMT Open house at the Leyden Academy http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=947CCDDC-A83D-34E2-ADC2D9BD3D763414 <![CDATA[ <p><span style="line-height: 112%; language: EN">On the 19th of March 2011 the Leyden Academy on vitality and ageing will&nbsp;open its doors for those interested in our master programme.&nbsp; If you would like to know more about the Leyden academy, gerontology and geriatric science come visit us during our open house. You will have the opportunity to meet the staff of the academy, some of the professors and current students . Short presentations and informal meetings will provide ample information about a crucial topic in current medical practice and research.<br /> <br /> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <img alt="" src="/UserFiles/image/Foto_Poortgebouw.JPG" /><br /> <br /> The programme for the day is as follows:</span></p> <div><span style="color: #212120; font-weight: bold; language: EN">17:45-18:00 </span></div> <div><span style="color: #212120; language: EN">Assembly at College zaal-6 (LUMC)&nbsp;for LIMSC participants</span></div> <div><span style="color: #212120; font-weight: bold; language: EN">18:00 </span></div> <div><span style="color: #212120; language: EN">Welcome with drinks at the Academy</span></div> <div><span style="color: #212120; language: EN">Marieke van der Waal MSc, director of the Leyden&nbsp;Academy on Vitality and Ageing:<br /> Welcome word</span></div> <div><span style="color: #212120; font-weight: bold; language: EN">18:15</span></div> <div><span style="color: #212120; language: EN">David Stott, MD, professor of geriatric medicine, University of Glasgow:</span></div> <div><span style="color: #212120; language: EN">Interactive case discussion </span></div> <div><span style="color: #212120; font-weight: bold; language: EN">18:30 </span></div> <div><span style="color: #212120; language: EN">Akbar Shafiee, MD: </span></div> <div><span style="color: #212120; language: EN">Experiences of a current Master student</span></div> <div><span style="color: #212120; font-weight: bold; language: EN">18:45 </span></div> <div><span style="color: #212120; language: EN">Drinks and informal get together with current students</span></div> <div><span style="color: #212120; font-weight: bold; language: EN">19:00 </span></div> <div><span style="color: #212120; language: EN">Transport for LIMSC </span><span style="color: #212120; language: EN">participants&nbsp;to Quintus for dinner</span></div> ]] Mon, 07 Mar 2011 23:00:00 GMT Special scholarships for Dutch students http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=BDB43EEA-DD38-FED4-1A9B7F7B5541C4C5 <![CDATA[ <p>The Vitality and Ageing fund is granting special scholarships to Dutch students for&nbsp;the academic year 2011-2012.&nbsp;It concerns five scholarships that each cover the full tuition fee of 18100 euro. Excellent Dutch students that satisfy the entry requirements and are interested in our master programme can apply for these scholarships.&nbsp;Prospective students that wish to qualify for the scholarships can <a href="javascript:location.href='mailto:'+String.fromCharCode(105,110,102,111,64,108,101,121,100,101,110,97,99,97,100,101,109,121,46,110,108)+'?subject=special%20scholarships%20for%20Dutch%20students'">contact </a>us or <a href="/Master_programme/_Pre_registration_procedure">register </a>according to the standard procedure for our master programme.</p> ]] Tue, 15 Mar 2011 23:00:00 GMT Master Vitality and Ageing has started http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=441A1BAD-0192-D1A7-ED0D02138DE99A3C <![CDATA[ <p>It is a hive of activity in and around the lecture hall of the Leyden Academy since mid-September the master Vitality and Ageing has started. <span>Ten full-time students will enrich their knowledge in the field of gerontology, geratrics and healthcare structure in this one year programme. It is an international group of students from Great Britain to the Netherlands and from the Ukraine to Iran.<br /> <br /> <img alt="" src="/UserFiles/image/450Introweek_Master_061.jpg" /><br /> &nbsp;<br /> Herbert Rolden is one of the master students Vitality and Ageing. &quot;After the first week of lectures I'm already impressed by the level. Big names in the fields of biology, medicine and elderly care economy will pass in review and the curriculum is very challenging and interesting. I already learned a lot about evolution, biology and medicine. I expect the coming year includes management, psychology and sociology to study. All in all, I am convinced that I have started a very diverse and challenging master that will cover all sides of ageing.&quot;</span></p> <div>For an extensive curriculum of the master and the study guide, click <a href="http://www.leydenacademy.nl/Medical_Master_programme/Curriculum">here.</a></div> ]] Thu, 23 Sep 2010 22:00:00 GMT Video: visiting professors Cameron &amp; Kurlle http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=7DD35E5E-D5B9-8CA8-61324D23B54677BE <![CDATA[ <p>In&nbsp;February 2010&nbsp;the Austrialian couple <st1:personname w:st="on">Ian Cameron</st1:personname> and Susan Kurlle&nbsp;joined the <st1:place w:st="on"><st1:placename w:st="on">Leyden</st1:placename> <st1:placetype w:st="on">Academy</st1:placetype></st1:place> on Vitality and Ageing as visiting professors. They worked on research projects and were involved in the educationale programme of the <st1:place w:st="on"><st1:placename w:st="on">Leyden</st1:placename> <st1:placetype w:st="on">Academy</st1:placetype></st1:place>. Furthermore they visited&nbsp;Dutch health institutions, amongst others the Leiden University Medical Center (LUMC), and regional nursing homes (particularly the ones with a rehabilitation centre). <br /> <br /> <st1:personname w:st="on">Ian Cameron</st1:personname> and <st1:personname w:st="on">Susan Kurrle</st1:personname> left <st1:city w:st="on">Leiden</st1:city> mid May to continue their work&nbsp;at the medical faculty of the <st1:place w:st="on"><st1:placetype w:st="on">University</st1:placetype> of <st1:placename w:st="on">Sydney</st1:placename></st1:place>. Back home Susan Kurlle wrote <a href="http://www.anzsgm.org/members/newsletters/2010/august/leyden.asp">an article in the newsletter of the Australian and New Zealand Society for Geriatric Medicine</a> about the Leyden Academy.<br /> <br /> Interested in their&nbsp;experiences in Leiden?&nbsp;Watch&nbsp;the&nbsp;short&nbsp;video below.</p> ]] Sun, 27 Jun 2010 22:00:00 GMT Medical congres Indonesia http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=AE27E2DB-D63F-BD39-A21C98C09844D5AB <![CDATA[ <p>End of July the Asian Medical Students Association (AMSA) organised their 31<sup>st</sup> conference on geriatrics and holistic approaches for palliative care. The conference took place in the city of Jakarta, Indonesia.&nbsp;&nbsp;<br /> <br /> <img alt="" src="/UserFiles/image/Website_450x314_Congres_Indonesie__July2010.jpg" /></p> <div>The Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing was invited to present one of the key lectures during this conference. Academy staff members David van Bodegom and Frouke Engelaer traveled to Indonesia to share ideas about health and ageing. During the opening ceremony the Indonesian minister of Health, Endang Rahayu Sedyaninsih, talked about present and future health challenges in Indonesia.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>An audience of 600 attended the Leyden Academy&rsquo;s presentation &ldquo;<em>Ageing and palliative care; the need for a holistic approach&rdquo; , </em>&nbsp;followed by a vividly discussion on this topic.&nbsp;&nbsp;</div> ]] Wed, 25 Aug 2010 22:00:00 GMT Topmaster Vitality and Ageing: the future of medicine http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=8599DA46-C21B-BAA5-A48FFF0C1C3EBE71 <![CDATA[ <p>Are you a pioneer? In September 2010 the first international master in gerontology and geriatrics will start in Leiden, the Netherlands. The Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing brings together an international group of young, ambitious medical doctors, who will explore the future of medicine in this one year academic programme. This takes place under the guidance of inspiring and top-class international physicians and scientists. There are still a few places and scholarships available for this unique master.</p> <div>In the last decades important successes have been achieved in health care. We are able to treat pediatric diseases and diseases in middle age better and better. We live healthy for longer and the occurrence of disease is concentrated at old age. It is now the challenge to decrease the morbidity and mortality at older age. Specialised medicine is largely responsible for the increasing life expectancy thus far. The question now is: is this also the way to go in the future?</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>The care for elderly has other demands than the care for patients of middle age. Someone who has a heart or kidney problem visits a cardiologist or nephrologist and receives excellent clinical care following &lsquo;evidence-based&rsquo; protocols. What if someone of 75 has a heart problem? Probably, this person does not only have heart problems, but also a decreased kidney function and for example arthritis, diabetes and osteoporosis. Disease after all concentrates itself at higher age. Nowadays, this patient still has to visit five different specialists and is being treated according to five different protocols. Although these protocols outline the best treatment for someone with one single disease, it is the question if this is also the best treatment for someone who has five different diseases simultaneously. Someone who would strictly follow all the protocols would end up with many hospital visits, contradictory advices and adverse drug interactions. An integrated treatment plan is thus required. For the future, we need to think about the content, the composition and the organisation of health care.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>In the curriculum of this international master study attention is paid to all these facets of elderly care in three trimesters. The first trimester is concerned with gerontology &ndash; the science behind ageing. How does the physiology of the body change with age? Which mechanisms play a role in ageing? In the second trimester the attention shifts to geriatrics. The clinical aspects of ageing will be dealt with in courses taught by world class physicians. The last trimester concerns the societal and organisational aspects of ageing: how is health care to be organised in the future?</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>In the curriculum there is also ample attention for other issues such as &lsquo;academic development, clinical research and management and leadership&rsquo;. This way, young doctors will be taught skills that enables them to function as pioneers in their future field of activity.</div> <div>&nbsp;</div> <div>For the academic year 2010-2011 there are still some places and scholarships available for this exclusive top master. Are you an ambitious and talented doctor that dares to look and think further? For more information visit <a href="http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=D1DC12EA-DDBB-774F-995B2008701EA77C"><font color="#a7791a">Medical Master programme</font></a> on our website.</div> ]] Sun, 21 Mar 2010 23:00:00 GMT Professor Westendorp features at the Dies Natalis of Leiden University http://www.leydenacademy.nl/index.cfm?p=1F7F1437-F224-13CF-01769FD74B311698 <![CDATA[ <p><img alt="" src="/UserFiles/image/diesoratie_westendorp.jpg" /><br /> <span style="font-size: xx-small">Photo: Leiden University</span><br /> <br /> On February 8<sup>th</sup> the Leiden University celebrated its 435 years anniversary. During this years ceremony&nbsp;professor Westendorp spoke out the Dies oration, entitled 'Match or mismatch? The human life cycle in a rapidly changing environment&rsquo;. <br /> <br /> <img alt="" src="/UserFiles/image/cortege2.jpg" /><br /> <span style="font-size: xx-small">Photo: Leiden University<br /> </span><br /> The rector magnificus from the Leiden University walks together with professor Westendorp to the Pieter's church, where the ceremony took place. The building in the background is&nbsp;Leiden University's main building, the oldest university building in the Netherlands.&nbsp;<br /> <br /> Listen <a href="http://www.leidenuniv.nl/dies2010">here</a> to the English translations of the Dies oration at the website of Leiden University.&nbsp;</p> ]] Mon, 01 Mar 2010 23:00:00 GMT